COVID-19. Young, low-risk patients have sequelae in several organs



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Healthy and young people are less likely to have complications from Covid-19 or to develop serious illnesses. However, a new UK study reveals that long-term sequelae can arise and persist, especially in cases of so-called “long-term Covid”.

According to the study, published last Sunday by Guardian, these supposedly low-risk people have certain symptoms long after being infected with Sars-Cov-2. In this preliminary study, a team of scientists identified damage to various organs in the young people’s body four months after infection.

“In a young, low-risk population with ongoing symptoms, nearly 70% of individuals suffer from compromised one or more organs four months after the initial symptoms of Sars-Cov-2 infection.”, read in the recently released document.

“There are implications not only for long-term covid cases, but also for public health approaches that have assumed that young people without adjacent diseases are at low risk,” he adds.

Among the organs most affected are the heart, lungs, liver and pancreas. This study was conducted through a combination of MRI scans, blood tests, physical measurements and questionnaires to approximately 500 patients with an average age of 44 and no other health problems.

This research aims to understand the physical fundamentals and develop treatments for some of the weird and longest symptoms in people with ‘Long Covid’, which affects more than 60,000 people in the UK. Fatigue, memory problems or mental confusion, shortness of breath and pain are among the symptoms most frequently reported by these patients.

What is the long-term impact?

In some cases, the affected organs are associated with the symptoms of Covid-19 experienced by patients. That is, a person who is lung-affected when infected with the new coronavirus will have breathing problems. However, the study does not clarify whether sequelae in affected organs are the cause of persistent symptoms in “Covid Long” patients.

“The good news is that the compromise is mild, but even to the naked eye there is some compromise and in 25 percent of people it affects two or more organs”, said Amitada Banerjee, a cardiologist and associate professor of humanities and clinical data at University College London, quoted by the British newspaper. “This is interesting because we need to know if [essas defici√™ncias] persist or are improving – or if there is a subset of people who can get worse. ”

Amitada Banerjee explained that this investigation, in which she participated, “supports the idea that there is an organ-level and potentially multi-organ attack, which is detectable and can help explain at least some of the symptoms and the path of the disease “.

Another study that looked at 58 hospitalized patients with Covid-19 also found similar results: 60% had similar sequelae in the lungs, 29% in the kidneys, 26% in the heart, and 10% in the liver, two to three months after the initial infection, as well as tissue changes in parts of the brain.

“The first results of a study examining the long-term impact of Covid-19 revealed that a large percentage of patients with Covid-19 discharged from hospital still had symptoms of shortness of breath, fatigue, anxiety and depression. two to three months after contracting the virus “, points to that study.

Both studies report it Patients in the study were not monitored or tested before they were infected with Sars-Cov-2, so it is impossible to guarantee that they did not, in fact, have any other type of adjacent problem.

However, scientists agree that it is necessary to investigate the sequelae that Covid-19 leaves in some patients, as well as monitor patients in medical discharge to understand the evolution of the disease, the damage it leaves and what treatments can be applied.

Furthermore, Amitada Banerjee suggests that there should be collaboration between professionals and specialists and that, in this way, Covid-19 patients are referred to the specialties of cardiology, neurology or gastroenterology, depending on the symptoms and sequelae observed after medical discharge.

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