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Aachen Treaty: France and Germany renew historic friendship



Updated January 22, 2019, at 12:51

More than half a century after the signing of the treaty of the Elisha, France and Germany they renew their historic friendship in Aachen. Angela Merkel and Emmanuel Macron have put their signatures under a document intended to send a strong signal across European borders.

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Exactly 56 years after the signing of the Eliseo treaty, Germany and France have signed a new friendship pact.

Chancellor Angela Merkel and President Emmanuel Macron signed their signatures in a new Franco-German friendship treaty Tuesday in the coronation hall of the historic town hall of Aachen.

On January 22, 1963, then Chancellor Konrad Adenauer and President Charles de Gaulle signed the first contract in Paris.

The treaty regulates the cooperation of States

The "Treaty of Aachen" states that Germany and France want to intensify their cooperation, among others in European politics, and work for a common foreign and security policy.

Furthermore, the integration of the two economies should be deepened. Graduations should be mutually recognized and it is also planned to create German-French courses.

The main points of the contract:

Base: It is time for France and Germany to "take their bilateral relations to a new level and prepare for the challenges facing both States and Europe in the 21st century". This goes hand in hand with the "firm commitment to an international order, based on rules and multilateralism centered on the United Nations".

Europe: "Both countries are deepening their cooperation in European politics, supporting an effective and strong common foreign and security policy and strengthening and deepening the economic and monetary union". (…) "Both countries regularly consult at all levels before the main European meetings and try to establish common positions (…)."

defense commitmentBoth sides are increasingly approaching their security and defense policies, strengthening the collective security systems to which they belong.

"In the case of an armed attack on their territories, they will provide each other with all their help and support, including military means". (…) "Both countries are establishing the Franco-German Defense and Security Council as a political governing body for these mutual commitments, which will meet regularly at the highest level".

Fight against terrorism and crime

Internal securityBoth countries are stepping up their cooperation "in the fight against terrorism and organized crime, as well as in the area of ​​the judiciary, intelligence services and the police".

safety: "The admission of the Federal Republic of Germany as a permanent member of the UN Security Council is a priority of Franco-German diplomacy".

training: Educational systems should be brought together more closely, by promoting the language of partners, the mutual recognition of school qualifications and the creation of integrated German-French dual programs of study.

border regionsThe current obstacles to cross-border projects should be removed – "especially in the economic, social, environmental, health, energy and transport sectors". (…)

"Both countries will facilitate cross-border mobility by better linking digital and physical networks with each other, including rail and road links".

Harmonization in the Franco-German economic area

Environment and climate: The implementation of the Paris Agreement on 2015 Climate Change and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development of the United Nations should be promoted. Both states "ensure that climate protection is taken into account in all policy areas".

economy: The integration of economies towards a French-German economic area with common rules should be deepened and the harmonization of commercial law promoted.

"Both States are creating a Franco-German" Economic Council of Experts "composed of ten independent experts." Joint research and innovation programs should be promoted. (Dh / dpa)

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