The publication by the Russian government of the secret protocol of the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact, 80 years after its signature, has increased the divisions between the Russians who believe that at the time the USSR had no alternative but to conclude this agreement with Nazi Germany and those who believe they have given wings to Hitler to invade Poland and trigger the Second World War, reports EFE in a correspondence sent by Moscow on Thursday, taken over by Agerpres.
In an attempt to convince those who continue to deny the existence of the secret protocol, the Russian government has decided to publish it and be exposed by the Federal Archives with the 80th anniversary of its signature in Moscow, at August 23, 1939.
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The Soviet Union and Germany "have discussed in complete confidentiality the question of the delimitation of the spheres of interest on both sides of Eastern Europe", writes the black and white in the document exposed in these days in the Russian capital.
Nazi Germany, totally uninterested in Bessarabia
The document, also known as the "Communist-Nazi Pact" (association of the terms "communism" and "Nazism"), contains three clauses, respectively the division of Finland and the three Baltic states (Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia), a clause relating to Poland, which also includes its possible disappearance as an independent state and one relating to Bessarabia.
According to historical sources, Germany has declared its total disregard for the territory of Bessarabia, wanted by the Soviets and so on he had no objections against possible border changes here in favor of the Soviet Union.
"Stalin was negotiating with England and France on the need for a collective defense against Germany, but he understood that Hitler would give him what the West was not willing to give him: the Baltic states and Poland" commented historian Nikita Petrov. the "Memorial" human rights organization.
The Russian company, divided on the Ribbentrop-Molotov pact
However, the publication of this historical document has not led any of the camps formed among Russian citizens to change their opinions, but, on the contrary, they maintain their opinions even more ferocious, concerning the role of the USSR in a conflict in more than 26 million Russians died.
"Are you sure it's genuine? It looks like a copy," commented one of the non-believers visitors to the exhibition.
"Even today, everything that happens in Ukraine and Poland are echoes of that historic event, which has not yet been clarified, explained or received any definitive historical appreciation," says the Russian liberal leader Grigori Iavlinski.
"The Soviet Union has the same responsibility as Germany for the outbreak of World War II," insists Nikita Petrov.
Vladimir Putin is involved in the dispute
President Vladimir Putin was also involved in the dispute and assured that Stalin was forced to conclude the pact with the devil, that is, with Hitler, after England and France refused to form an anti-Nazi coalition. According to this version, the USSR signed the pact to ensure its safety, as it was not willing to face the German army, so that with its decision it would only seek to gain time.
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This is also the position maintained by the official Russian historiography, which accuses the revisionism of anyone who questions Stalin's intentions, despite the fact that, after Germany invaded Poland on September 2, the Red Army did the same thing two weeks later.
"If we had not signed that agreement (…) we would not have been able to obtain 2-3 months of heroic resistance from the Red Army, we would not have been able to evacuate our activities to the east, not we would have had time to transfer Siberian Divisions to defend the capital, "says the former Russian defense minister Sergei Ivanov.
Defends the position that the war was not caused by the pact concluded by Viaceslav Molotov is Joachim von Ribbentrop, in the presence of Stalin, but with the decision of the English and the French to cede Hitler's Czechoslovakia The Munich Agreement of 1938.
But historian Nikita Petrov notes that "the Kremlin historians continue to argue that the USSR has done nothing horrible, even if the protocol is a violation of international law. Russia does not want to acknowledge this international crime because it continues to commit it by annexing Crimea and interfering in UkraineAdds.
"We Russians do not want to look at ourselves in the mirror of history"
According to the Soviet version, the war officially began with the German invasion of June 22, 1941, though The USSR used the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact to invade Finland in November 1939, to occupy Bessarabia and to install puppet governments in the Baltic States and to kill 22,000 Polish soldiers in Katyn between 1940 and 1941.
But there are several Russian historians who believe that Stalin not only did not gain time by signing this pact, but also failed to prepare the army for possible aggression after In 1937 he had purified almost entirely the body of senior officers, respectively generals and commanders of divisions.
"We Russians do not want to look at ourselves in the mirror of history," complained Nikita Petrov.
Like German historians, they see the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact
Western historians, including the Germans, condemn the pact and believe it Stalin, desperate to avoid a war, He gave wings to the Third Reich to turn the dream of expanding his "living space" into reality.
As evidence of the fact that the wounds have not yet closed, the commemorative organization requested a march in Moscow between the embassies of the three Baltic states on Friday, countries for which the Ribbentrop-Molotov pact meant their forced entry into the # Communist orbit and more than half a century of Soviet yoke.
Also read: False historical facts about the Soviet era, currently used by Russian propaganda
Edit web: Luana Păvălucă