Using Blockchain technology to distribute efficient fuel pans in Myanmar

Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)

Left: three traditional bricks. Center: original design of the stove. On the right: the low-fuel cooker.

Delta Ayeyarwady, Myanmar, January 4, 2019 (GGGI) – In November 2018, a GGGI social development team and green investment specialists spoke with representatives of national and regional governments, NGOs, kitchen producers and families from rural communities on how to increase the distribution and use of cookware at efficient fuel.

The fuel-efficient stoves or "improved" cooking plates have clear advantages over the traditional open three-brick method and even the original design of the stove. In particular, the improved design is more efficient in consumption and requires less firewood to collect, resulting in reduced deforestation and time savings for families, especially for women.

Although cookstoves are used in rural communities throughout Myanmar, their use in the Delta is more problematic due to the deforestation rate of mangrove forests for firewood. Mangroves are a type of forest essential for climate change mitigation as they store up to 4 times the carbon amount of other forest types. Delta mangrove forests are also critical for disaster risk reduction during adverse weather events and are the basis for sustaining coastal fishing livelihoods.

Potential outcomes of fuel-efficient cookers for climate change.

In a series of workshops and site visits around the Delta, GGGI has facilitated discussions about why the distribution and use of low-fuel stoves remain low. Manufacturers of cookware have discussed the obstacles to their production, including costs and difficulties with the attainment and transportation of raw materials, lack of access to initial finance, labor-intensive production processes and lack of marketing and promotion of product. Numerous issues have been consistently cited by buyers, including uncomfortable design, unfamiliarity with product benefits, remote communities do not have access to distributors, and the fuel-efficient cookstove is often more expensive than the original cookstove design.

The time required to dry pots during production is problematic, especially during the monsoon season. Taken in a cooker manufacturer in Kalarkon, near Pathein.

Figure 2 Cookstove production takes time and lots of people, taking up to 15 days to produce the final product. Taken in a cooker manufacturer in Kalarkon, near Pathein.

GGGI presented the initial ideas to provide new investment solutions to increase the distribution and use of efficient fuel cookers throughout the Delta. These included linking the proven carbon savings of low-fuel cookstove to widespread accounting or "blockchain" technology to access carbon credits from the international carbon market. This technology could link the savings on carbon dioxide emissions of the stove to the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for international aviation, or CORSIA, to a national custodian bank and various partners for production, certification, distribution and 39; implementation. These credits can then be used to increase job opportunities, provide funding for greater distribution and subsidize the price of the product.

GGGI analyst Diana Quezada presents financing solutions for improved cookers. With investment manager Tero Raassina and Myanmar program manager Thiha Aung.

The potential economic, social and environmental benefits of this investment solution are important for the Delta, with a high density of rural population and, according to reports, the highest rates of deforestation of mangroves in Asia. The potential results of this solution are in line with Myanmar's policies and strategies for climate change mitigation, adaptation, reforestation and sustainable development. It has potential for significant benefits for women by creating many decent work opportunities throughout the year during production, reducing the time spent on collecting firewood and reducing respiratory disorders due to smoke inhalation. This time-saving benefit can also allow more opportunities for girls to engage in educational activities and for women to focus on developing additional income streams.

Ingvild Solvang
GGGIs Global Leader in Gender and Social Development added that "access to best cookers is a global challenge that, if resolved, could reduce community dependency on fuel: Improved cookstoves have a positive impact on deforestation , but communities also spend a lot of time and resources on fuel collection, which contributes to poverty-time, especially for women and girls, and improved kitchens have the potential to improve indoor pollution, which causes health problems to children, vulnerable and elderly family members and those who are primarily responsible for cooking, typically women. "

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