Home / Blockchain / The software & # 39; Orchestration & # 39; can it enhance the adoption of decentralized apps?

The software & # 39; Orchestration & # 39; can it enhance the adoption of decentralized apps?

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Jir & iacute; Bělohl & aacute; Vek and the Czech Philharmonic at the Rudolfinum and Prague Town Hall. (Source: Czech Philharmonic).Czech Philharmonic.

"Software is eating the world", as Marc Andreessen said, co-founder of one of the best Silicon Valley venture capital companies in 2011. While talking about a bubble in the stock market, today a new bubble: around cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum in recent years – it is hard not to imagine that if this growth continues, it will probably need the blockchain to eat the software that ate the world. Well, this is a thought.

But the gap between the exuberance of the potential of the blockchain and the arrival of a decentralized world economy is still quite large. And, one that requires breakthroughs in the fundamental level of technology – including new consensus algorithms, on-chain scalability and transactional privacy safeguards to name a few. However, most mortals would probably consider all this to be a minority sport – and who would blame them.

However, digital applications and services have become an integral part of everyone's daily activities. Just take the average person who logs in nine different applications and spend about 10 hours in front of screens every day. Industries and companies have also increased their adoption of various cloud-based applications. Challenge to manage or what?

The result is that it adds everything to the number of interfaces users have to work with and this has a negative impact on their user experiences.

Indeed, by demonstrating a point on the tsunami of data that workers face according to a recent study of the OTRS Groupmore than 80% of employees look for information for half an hour a day and almost a third (32%) say they need an average of one hour per day just to order e-mails.

And, having to work on different applications, it fragments the user experience and prevents the workflow. It can constantly change the contexts hinder productivity. Now, while it is presumably possible to connect and integrate apps, not all services allow it, especially if they are produced by developers of competing applications.

Furthermore, not everyone has the capacity and the resources to get "feature-rich" and simplified business systems. Even managing several subscriptions and accounts may already be a business. It's enough to make you dizzy.

Decentralized applications – DApps

A new set of applications is being discussed all over the world, which are types of applications that are not owned by anyone. These new types of applications are referred to as decentralized applications or DApps In short. The technology on which they are based is the blockchain, also known as distributed ledger technology (DLT).

And, with something like software orchestration, an ordinary fold term could very well be difficult, the main problem is clearly that people put themselves at the head of the model. Indeed, like Dr. John Bates, a recognized fintech pioneer and test CEO Aubergine company automation which has about 600 customers worldwide, says: "It is clear that we definitely need frameworks to make this easy to access and use the current centralized Internet".

Bates, who holds a Ph.D. from the University of Cambridge and is a serial entrepreneur with companies such as SAP and Software AG, commenting on the landscape said: "Clearly the DApps talk about something that many libertarians consider a lack of the current Internet: the need for centralized services Social media and centrally managed news can be censored and controlled A DAP-based peer-to-peer system can not be censored. "

He also ventured: "Centralized services, like eBay or Uber, can lead to monopolies." DApps could perhaps mean that e-commerce returns to a local barter system – where I can manage my Uber with my car for my local area or sell my goods locally through a network of trusted nodes E, DApps fits as a model for vehicles, devices and autonomous connected robots in the new Internet of Things (IoT) era."

Fortunately, it is now possible to create application hybrids using application programming interfaces (API). Services like IFTTT, the free way to communicate all your apps and devices with each other, already allows users to automate tasks and create a smoother experience among the most popular apps.

Given that not everything on the Internet works well, IFTTT claims to be on the "mission to build a more connected world".

Eleanor Matthews, & nbsp; co-founder and & nbsp; MD of & nbsp;Work Futures & nbsp;and & nbsp; a graduate of the Blockchain Strategy Program at Oxford University, commenting: "Addressing this interoperability problem is crucial for guiding the adoption of DApps It is logical that an orchestration platform offers such integration, just as IFTTT does for non-based apps. on blockchain. "

The DAO was a huge hack, which cost about $ 70 million. It was based on a bug in a decentralized application. "Because these apps are self-executable," noted Matthews. "There's a big risk in the case of an insecure, invisible insect.The introduction of an IFTTT-style integration layer, which allows even more autonomy in the way apps are launched, increases this risk. "

The more transactions are performed on the blockchain, the more it will slow down. The speed on Ethereum is currently fifteen transactions per second. There are new protocols such as EOS, which also includes intelligent contract functionality and could be used to develop DApp and require 5,000 transactions per second (TPS). But this is disputed by some in some circles.

Blockchain & amp; Decentralized apps

In the case of blockchain services and decentralized applications (DApps), however, similar integrations are currently limited. Interoperability between DApps is often limited to those created on the same blockchain network. And new ways of orchestration are also needed.

While full cross-chain interoperability is currently underway, there may be some light at the end of the tunnel. & nbsp; Framework of Blockchain Arkfor example, it is advancing in making interoperability available to developers. Elsewhere, a decentralized application framework like Cardstack which raised $ 35 million in its ICO at the beginning of June, describes itself as the "level of experience" of the decentralized Internet and allows users to create their own workflows led by Dapp.

Ark, which raised just under $ 1 million through an Initial Coin Offering (ICO) of the tokens of the Arca in 2016, which included 1,279.67 bitcoins (BTC), it was labeled as Lisk's fork cryptocurrency intended for "broad adoption by consumers". Its roadmap at the time of their ICO included the possibility of making transactions via blockchain, a smartcard as a means of payment and IPFS Integration.

As an open source framework and consensus protocol, Cardstack claims to make blockchain usable and scalable for the mass market, and stated in a whitepaper that "orchestrating cohesive user experiences through blockchain and cloud is essential to bring decentralization. to the mass market. "

They are proposing a new economic model to finance and support the software that manages the world, which equally distributes awards among the creators of the software and the open source communities that support them. Thus, in such a decentralized software market, an application buyer enters into a direct contract via smart contracts, which coordinate a diverse network of software development teams, cloud hosting providers, and app-supported protocol protocols.

The decentralization is in …

The decentralization movement is gaining momentum due to concerns arising from the way centralized services manage their businesses. Companies like Facebook is Google simply have too much control and little choice on the part of users regarding the terms imposed by these services.

Google has faced criticisms such as unilateral its terms of advertising and monetization can be. The issue is further complicated by problems such as violations and misuse of data. We just have to look at the scandal about Facebook on Cambridge Analytica for this. And, when these situations occur, users are often disadvantaged.

It is also argued that, thanks to the blockchain / DLT boom, users have now begun to turn to DApps as an alternative to these services. Decentralized services promise to give back control to users through transparent rules, data ownership and anonymity. Symbolic economies that govern these DApps Provide fair compensation and rewards structures that can foster harmony among users.

Many DApps, however, have yet to successfully launch or at least get meaningful adoption. Clearly something must be done to further drive their adoption if progress is made.

… And a need for interoperability

This slowness in adoption is partly due to the lack of interoperability between DApps. Most blockchain and DApp services they are built to focus on a specific purpose or be oriented to serve a particular vertical. The reality, especially for ordinary users, is that IT needs are multiple. Users may need to use different DApps to cover their necessary functionality.

Unlike traditional apps, which now support integration with other apps, blockchain interoperability still lacks. For example, an integrated DApps Ethereum will not be able to easily interact with a DApp say to run NEO.

Fortunately, the community has recognized this need for interoperability, as part of what has made conventional successful apps is interoperability. And, DApps he must have it too

For his part, Ark It has been cited as one of the main efforts to get other projects to work through chains. Conceptually it can be thought of as a "blockchain for blockchains".

Through Ark's SmartBridge technology, developers will be able to create applications that could be listened to and triggered by external events and exchange data with other DApps built on different blockchains.

Also the Arca was built to be decentralized. The project is also expected to support a broader set of programming languages, which allows developers to be readily functional in working with the framework.

With the release of his V2 Core, the project also implemented what it claimed to be "dynamic pricing structures" to keep the platform accessible between the volatility of the encrypted market. It is suggested that these should only encourage more developers to consider the construction of interoperable DApps using Ark.

Focus on the experience

Ordinary users are not expected to play with highly technical frameworks to be able to maximize the various features that DApps can offer. Easy-to-use orchestration, where users can easily customize how DApps interacting with each other, must be made available if further progress is needed.

Chris Tse, the founder of Cardstack, a framework for decentralized applications (DApp) like Cardstack allows users to create their own workflows based on DApp. (Source: Cardstack).Cardstack.

Chris Tse, founder of Cardstack, & nbsp;recently shared that the DApp the space must be able to: "Establish a flexible design paradigm capable of orchestrating all moving parts in the blockchain world." Equality with traditional single-function apps is not enough. "The new crypto-economy will require complex interactions between messages initiated by the user, exclusion value tokens and interconnected smart contracts, as well as integration with existing systems. "

He added: "We need a cohesive user experience (UX) with the fluidity of a consumer social network, while facilitating structured transactions such as a line-of-business system."

As such, the Cardstack orchestration framework seeks to achieve wider adoption of DApp and decentralization by focusing on the user experience. It allows users to create customized workflows by "concatenating" the functionality provided by the various services. It can extract information from various data sources, listen to changes and send commands to these services.

Cohesive user experiences

Since their model is based on blockchain technology, we can break down the silos of apps that define the technological world today, in order to produce a so-called Cohesive User Experience (CUE), which establishes a flexible design paradigm able to orchestrate the whole moving parts in the digital life of the user.

"With the fluidity of token-supported applications, we can go beyond the one-icon-per-app business arrangement of the current mobile and cloud world," they state in their white paper. "However, for blockchain-supported applications to achieve mass market adoption, we need to bridge the gap between the power of blockchain and the convenience of the cloud."

The platform is also facilitated by a token-based economy. Users can spend CARD tokens to add DApp and services in their workflows. These additions are governed by smart contracts, which deal with subscriptions or using utility tokens. Users can also be rewarded with CARD tokens for platform contributions.

Basically, Cardstack deduces that it will allow the creation of "super" DApp acting as a hub for interoperability between API and blockchain.

Finally, part of the goal is to ensure that these various features are implemented using open-source standards, which means that users will be able to edit, customize and adopt these various powerful features and adapt them to their workflows. This progression guided by the community could really promote decentralization, it is proclaimed by the protagonists of the sector in space.

Collective strength

DApps must not exist in isolation. The value that each DApp brings to users can increase as it works together with other DApps to help solve more complex problems. Efforts like Ark and Cardstack could help show the utility of DApps on a practical level. And, as more users begin to adopt these interoperables DApps, the more decentralization can be brought to relevance. Well, this is the theory.

The benefits of interoperability and automation go beyond productivity and usability. Users can participate in a technological landscape where decentralization reigns. The control is returned to users, challenging the current approaches that are built to push the business agenda. Through these mechanisms, it would therefore be potentially possible for users to enjoy IT unrestricted by the monopolies of centralized services. It's a new and brave world out there. Seize the moment.

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Jiří Bělohlávek and the Czech Philharmonic at the Rudolfinum and Prague Town Hall. (Source: Czech Philharmonic).Czech Philharmonic.

"Software is eating the world", as Marc Andreessen said, co-founder of one of the best Silicon Valley venture capital companies in 2011. While talking about a bubble in the stock market, today a new bubble: around cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum in recent years – it is hard not to imagine that if this growth continues, it will probably need the blockchain to eat the software that ate the world. Well, this is a thought.

But the gap between the exuberance of the potential of the blockchain and the arrival of a decentralized world economy is still quite large. And, one that requires breakthroughs in the fundamental level of technology – including new consensus algorithms, on-chain scalability and transactional privacy safeguards to name a few. However, most mortals would probably consider all this to be a minority sport – and who would blame them.

However, digital applications and services have become an integral part of everyone's daily activities. Just take the average person who logs in nine different applications and spend about 10 hours in front of screens every day. Industries and companies have also increased their adoption of various cloud-based applications. Challenge to manage or what?

The result is that it adds everything to the number of interfaces users have to work with and this has a negative impact on their user experiences.

In fact, demonstrating a tsunami point of data compared to workers according to a recent study by the OTRS group, over 80% of employees look for information for half an hour a day and almost a third (32%) say they need an average of one hour per day just to sort out their emails.

And, having to work on different applications, it fragments the user experience and prevents the workflow. It can constantly change the contexts hinder productivity. Now, while it is presumably possible to connect and integrate apps, not all services allow it, especially if they are produced by developers of competing applications.

Furthermore, not everyone has the capacity and the resources to get "feature-rich" and simplified business systems. Even managing several subscriptions and accounts may already be a business. It's enough to make you dizzy.

Decentralized applications – DApps

A new set of applications is being discussed all over the world, which are types of applications that are not owned by anyone. These new types of applications are referred to as decentralized applications or DApps for short. The technology on which they are based is the blockchain, also known as distributed ledger technology (DLT).

And, with something like software orchestration, an ordinary fold term could very well be difficult, the main problem is clearly that people put themselves at the head of the model. In fact, as stated by the dott. John Bates, recognized pioneer and CEO of the Eggplant test testing company, which has about 600 customers worldwide, says: "It is clear that we definitely need frameworks to make this easy to access and use the current Internet. centralized. "

Bates, who holds a Ph.D. from the University of Cambridge and is a serial entrepreneur with companies such as SAP and Software AG, commenting on the landscape said: "Clearly the DApps talk about something that many libertarians consider a lack of the current Internet: the need for centralized services Social media and centrally managed news can be censored and controlled A DAP-based peer-to-peer system can not be censored. "

He also ventured: "Centralized services, like eBay or Uber, can lead to monopolies." DApps could perhaps mean that e-commerce returns to a local barter system – where I can manage my Uber with my car for my local area or sell my goods locally through a network of trusted nodes, and DApps fits as a model for autonomous connected vehicles, devices and robots in the new era Internet of Things (IoT). "

Fortunately, it is now possible to create application hybrids using APIs (Application Programming Interface). Services like IFTTT, the free way to communicate all your apps and devices with each other, already allows users to automate tasks and create a smoother experience among the most popular apps.

Given that not everything on the Internet works well, IFTTT claims to be on the "mission to build a more connected world".

Eleanor Matthews, co-founder and MD of Work Futures and a graduate in the Blockchain Strategy Program at Oxford University, commented: "Addressing this interoperability problem is crucial for guiding the adoption of DApps." It is logical that an orchestration platform offers this integration, just like IFTTT does for non-blockchain-based apps. "

The DAO was a huge hack, which cost about $ 70 million. It was based on a bug in a decentralized application. "Because these apps are self-executable," Matthews noted. "There's a big risk in the case of an inherent and invisible bug.The introduction of an IFTTT-style integration layer, which allows even more autonomy in the way apps are launched, increases this risk. "

The more transactions are performed on the blockchain, the more it will slow down. The speed on Ethereum is currently fifteen transactions per second. There are new protocols such as EOS, which also includes intelligent contract functionality and could be used to develop DApp and require 5,000 transactions per second (TPS). But this is disputed by some in some circles.

Blockchain and decentralized apps

In the case of blockchain services and decentralized applications (DApps), however, similar integrations are currently limited. Interoperability between DApps is often limited to those created on the same blockchain network. And new ways of orchestration are also needed.

While full cross-chain interoperability is currently underway, there may be some light at the end of the tunnel. For example, the Blockchain Ark structure is advancing in making interoperability available to developers. Elsewhere, a decentralized application framework like Cardstack, which raised $ 35 million in its ICO at the beginning of June, describes itself as the "level of experience" of decentralized Internet and allows users to create their own workflows led by Dapp.

Ark, which raised just under $ 1 million through an Initial Coin Offering (ICO) of Ark chips in 2016 which included 1,279.67 Bitcoin (BTC), has been labeled as Lisk-shaped cryptocurrency intended for "widespread adoption by part of consumers ". the time of their ICO included the possibility of making transactions via blockchain, a smartcard as a means of payment and integration with IPFS.

As an open source framework and consensus protocol, Cardstack claims to make blockchain usable and scalable for the mass market, and stated in a whitepaper that "orchestrating cohesive user experiences through blockchain and cloud is essential to bring decentralization. to the mass market. "

They are proposing a new economic model to finance and support the software that manages the world, which equally distributes awards among the creators of the software and the open source communities that support them. Thus, in such a decentralized software market, an application buyer enters into a direct contract via smart contracts, which coordinate a diverse network of software development teams, cloud hosting providers, and app-supported protocol protocols.

The decentralization is in …

The decentralization movement is gaining momentum due to concerns arising from the way centralized services manage their businesses. Companies like Facebook is Google simply have too much control and little choice on the part of users regarding the terms imposed by these services.

Google has faced criticisms such as unilateral its terms of advertising and monetization can be. The issue is further complicated by problems such as violations and misuse of data. We just have to look at the scandal about Facebook on Cambridge Analytica for this. And, when these situations occur, users are often disadvantaged.

It is also argued that, thanks to the blockchain / DLT boom, users have now begun to turn to DApps as an alternative to these services. Decentralized services promise to give back control to users through transparent rules, data ownership and anonymity. Symbolic economies that govern these DApps Provide fair compensation and rewards structures that can foster harmony among users.

Many DApps, however, have yet to successfully launch or at least get meaningful adoption. Clearly something must be done to further drive their adoption if progress is made.

… And a need for interoperability

This slowness in adoption is partly due to the lack of interoperability between DApps. Most blockchain and DApp services they are built to focus on a specific purpose or be oriented to serve a particular vertical. The reality, especially for ordinary users, is that IT needs are multiple. Users may need to use different DApps to cover their necessary functionality.

Unlike traditional apps, which now support integration with other apps, blockchain interoperability still lacks. For example, an integrated DApps Ethereum will not be able to easily interact with a DApp say to run NEO.

Fortunately, the community has recognized this need for interoperability, as part of what has made conventional successful apps is interoperability. And, DApps he must have it too

For his part, Ark It has been cited as one of the main efforts to get other projects to work through chains. Conceptually it can be thought of as a "blockchain for blockchains".

Through Ark's SmartBridge technology, developers will be able to create applications that could be listened to and triggered by external events and exchange data with other DApps built on different blockchains.

Also the Arca was built to be decentralized. The project is also expected to support a broader set of programming languages, which allows developers to be readily functional in working with the framework.

With the release of his V2 Core, the project also implemented what it claimed to be "dynamic pricing structures" to keep the platform accessible between the volatility of the encrypted market. It is suggested that these should only encourage more developers to consider the construction of interoperable DApps using Ark.

Focus on the experience

Ordinary users are not expected to play with highly technical frameworks to be able to maximize the various features that DApps can offer. Easy-to-use orchestration, where users can easily customize how DApps interacting with each other, must be made available if further progress is needed.

Chris Tse, the founder of Cardstack, a framework for decentralized applications (DApp) like Cardstack allows users to create their own workflows based on DApp. (Source: Cardstack).Cardstack.

Chris Tse, founder of Cardstack, recently shared that the DApp the space must be able to: "Establish a flexible design paradigm capable of orchestrating all moving parts in the blockchain world." Equality with traditional single-function apps is not enough. "The new crypto-economy will require complex interactions between messages initiated by the user, exclusion value tokens and interconnected smart contracts, as well as integration with existing systems. "

He added: "We need a cohesive user experience (UX) with the fluidity of a consumer social network, while facilitating structured transactions such as a line-of-business system."

As such, the Cardstack orchestration framework seeks to achieve wider adoption of DApp and decentralization by focusing on the user experience. It allows users to create customized workflows by "concatenating" the functionality provided by the various services. It can extract information from various data sources, listen to changes and send commands to these services.

Cohesive user experiences

Since their model is based on blockchain technology, we can break down the silos of apps that define the technological world today, in order to produce a so-called Cohesive User Experience (CUE), which establishes a flexible design paradigm able to orchestrate the whole moving parts in the digital life of the user.

"With the fluidity of token-supported applications, we can go beyond the one-icon-per-app business arrangement of the current mobile and cloud world," they state in their white paper. "However, for blockchain-supported applications to achieve mass market adoption, we need to bridge the gap between the power of blockchain and the convenience of the cloud."

The platform is also facilitated by a token-based economy. Users can spend CARD tokens to add DApp and services in their workflows. These additions are governed by smart contracts, which deal with subscriptions or using utility tokens. Users can also be rewarded with CARD tokens for platform contributions.

Basically, Cardstack deduces that it will allow the creation of "super" DApp acting as a hub for interoperability between API and blockchain.

Infine, parte dell&#39;obiettivo è far sì che queste varie funzionalità vengano implementate utilizzando standard open-source, il che significa che gli utenti saranno in grado di modificare, personalizzare e adottare queste varie potenti funzionalità e adattarle ai propri flussi di lavoro. Questa progressione guidata dalla comunità potrebbe davvero promuovere il decentramento, è proclamata dai protagonisti del settore nello spazio.

Forza collettiva

I DApp non devono esistere in isolamento. Il valore che ogni DApp apporta agli utenti può aumentare in quanto funziona insieme ad altri DApp per aiutare a risolvere problemi più complessi. Sforzi come Ark e Cardstack potrebbero aiutare a mostrare l&#39;utilità di DApps a livello pratico. E, come più utenti iniziano ad adottare questi interoperabili DApps, tanto più il decentramento può essere portato verso la rilevanza. Bene, questa è la teoria.

I vantaggi dell&#39;interoperabilità e dell&#39;automazione vanno oltre la produttività e l&#39;usabilità. Gli utenti possono partecipare a un panorama tecnologico in cui regna la decentralizzazione. Il controllo viene restituito agli utenti, sfidando gli attuali approcci che sono costruiti per spingere l&#39;agenda aziendale. Attraverso tali meccanismi, sarebbe quindi potenzialmente possibile per gli utenti godere dell&#39;informatica non vincolata dai monopoli dei servizi centralizzati. È un mondo nuovo e coraggioso là fuori. Cogli l&#39;attimo.

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