The regime in Iran becomes a crypt

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Iran recently announced plans for to develop its own national cryptocurrency in order to circumvent US sanctions. The infrastructure based for the banking sector of the country comes when the Trump administration has reimposed the sanctions that the United States has suspended as part of the Iranian nuclear agreement. As with the regime in Venezuela, which tried to launch its own cryptocurrency at the start of this year this seems to be a desperate attempt by Tehran to challenge Washington while trying to usurp the nascent growth of Bitcoin in Iran The pivot of Tehran's cryptocurrency is probably aided by Russia as part of a collaborative effort to build a new system for global financial transactions to help their banks become "resistant to "Penalties. Ironically, this authoritarian embrace of blockchain technology is in conflict with the ideals of libertarianism and resistance to censorship supported by many cryptocurrency fans.

When President Trump announced in May that he would withdraw from the Iranian nuclear deal, Teheran had to face the danger of being excluded from the global financial system. The paralyzing sanctions that have removed the Iranian banks from the global banking system SWIFT and have prevented their ability to transfer funds internationally are what pushed Iran to the negotiating table in the 2013 . But even with the sanctions revoked two years ago, the Iranian economy has faltered arousing widespread protests from low-income Iranians while the rial had precipitated precipitously from the beginning of 2018. Looking of ways to preserve wealth, many Iranians have begun buying cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin to store value.

Senior Iranian officials worked on to prevent the escape of capital by discouraging citizens from the use of Bitcoin and, according to some reports, by restricting access to the encrypted exchange websites foreigners. Now, the Iranian government wants to introduce a cryptocurrency that it can control, unlike the decentralized Bitcoin protocol. The Iranian central bank, like many countries, has done academic research on blockchain technology at least from 2017 but only in recent months publicly publicized the idea of officials of a state-based cryptography. Various Iranian agencies are coaling around blockchain innovation. In early July, the Iranian Official Science and Technology Department signed an agreement to work closely with the central bank on cryptocurrency technology. Weeks later, the Iranian Ministry of Information and Communication Technologies signed a memorandum with the national library of Iran to use blockchain technology to digitize the archives of the country. Iran is clearly optimistic about cryptographic / blockchain technology.

Russia is probably influencing Iran's drive towards cryptography. In May, both and the Iranian press and Russian reported that a senior Iranian economic official met with his Russian counterpart in Moscow. The Iranian official then announced that Iran's central bank will develop proposals for a state-supported cryptocurrency and said cryptocurrencies could help both countries avoid the SWIFT banking system and dollar transactions. Also the Russian media reported that the two countries planned to reconvene to discuss inter-bank cooperation in July, although there had not been the press coverage of that meeting. It is interesting to note that Russian entrepreneurs have helped the Maduro regime of Venezuela to launch a state cryptocurrency (although it seems that the effort has debated ); some media reported that the Kremlin supervised the Venezuelan crypto project.

Details on how the Iranian cryptocurrency would work are unclear, except for officials who say the token will be supported by the rial and launched in three months initially for use by domestic banks. Building a new blockchain platform capable of handling huge amounts of daily financial transactions requires considerable time and resources. Thus, this relatively short period of time indicates that Iran has secretly developed it for more than a year or is planning a cryptocurrency built on an existing blockchain. Venezuela tried to make the second

. In any case, the Iranian state crypt is unlikely to strengthen the Iranian economy. Pointing the value on the rial would make the digital token uninteresting as the paper currency of the nation. & nbsp; And the elimination of Iranian access to all non-state cryptocurrencies will be difficult. Previously Iran has closed the Internet within its borders, but only for short periods of time. The enthusiasts of the local crypt find work around to exchange crypt even when the regime blocks the exchange of websites.

There should be no doubt about the relevance of cryptographic space on US foreign policy and national security. Russia, Venezuela and now Iran are making clear that they intend to resist US sanctions by adopting mechanisms based on blockchain technology. These authoritarian regimes are trying to build an alternative financial system in which there will be no repercussions to finance corruption, oppression and other wrongdoing. US sanctions are not perfect, nor exhaustive, foreign policy instruments, but they are important to enforce global standards of accountability for controlling nuclear proliferation, human rights violations and terrorism.

This does not mean that cryptocurrencies and blockchain should be intrinsically feared or discouraged from the point of view of national security. These are simply new technologies suitable for advancing lawful or illicit objectives. But three things should be done to prevent rogue regimes from building the resistance of sanctions.

First, the US Treasury Department should strengthen the message to US persons and banking institutions with the US financial system that provide financial value of any kind to the regime in Iran violates US sanctions, either through dollars or cryptocurrency. Months ago, the Treasury said it was ready to add digital currency addresses owned by blacklist sanctions targets. While sanctioned actors can create new addresses to their liking, address designation would encourage financial institutions to proceed with caution so as not to reinforce penalties when they enter the encrypted space.

Secondly, the United States and other governments worried about nations exploiting blockchain technology for rooted authoritarianism should recognize that, similar to the space race of decades ago, a "cryptic race" is now emerging. The countries of the Group of Seven (G7) should observe the coordination between the outlawed actors in this race and strategies to promote the innovation of the crypto / blockchain which truly improves economic and political freedom. Although it is unlikely that Russia, Venezuela and Iran can build a financial system based on the cryptocurrency trusted by the rest of the world, their intentions should not be ignored. The best protection against such a move would be for free nations to invest in the crypto / blockchain space so that this nascent technology, like the internet, develops in association with freedom. & nbsp; & nbsp;

Finally, the larger crypt space should not treat cryptography of the rogue regime with ambivalence. Instead, blockchain influencers should "recall" crypto schemes that finance oppressive regimes. Just as responsible cryptocurrent enthusiasts know that ICO scams have damaged Crypto's image, they should understand the risk that an authoritative encryption offends the reputation of the technology. The fascinating thing about cryptographic / blockchain space is that its history has yet to be written. It is important that when it does, it is transmitted with the highest code.

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Iran recently announced plans for to develop its own national cryptocurrency in order to evade US sanctions. This intention to create a blockchain-based infrastructure for the country's banking sector comes when the Trump administration has reimposed the sanctions that the United States suspended as part of the Iranian nuclear deal. . As with the regime in Venezuela, which attempted to launch its cryptocurrency at the start of this year this seems to be a desperate attempt by Tehran to challenge Washington while trying to usurp nascent growth of Bitcoin in Iran. The pivot of Tehran's cryptocurrency is probably helped by Russia as part of a collaborative effort to build a new system for global financial transactions to help their banks become "resistant to sanctions." Ironically, this authoritarian embrace of blockchain technology is in conflict with the ideals of libertarianism and [19659069] resistance to censorship supported by many cryptocurrency fans.

When President Trump announced in May that he would withdraw from the Iranian nuclear deal, Teheran had to face the danger of being excluded from the global financial system. The paralyzing sanctions that have removed the Iranian banks from the global banking system SWIFT and have prevented their ability to transfer funds internationally are what pushed Iran to the negotiating table in the 2013 . But even with the sanctions revoked two years ago, the Iranian economy has faltered unleashing the widespread protests from low-income Iranians as the rally precipitated precipitately from the start of 2018. ways to preserve wealth, many Iranians have begun buying cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin to store value.

Senior Iranian officials worked for to prevent the escape of capital by discouraging citizens from the use of Bitcoin and, according to some reports, by restricting access to encrypted exchange websites foreigners. Now, the Iranian government wants to introduce a cryptocurrency that it can control, unlike the decentralized Bitcoin protocol. The Iranian central bank, like many countries, has done academic research on blockchain technology at least since 2017 but only in recent months publicly publicized the idea of officials of a state-based cryptography. Various Iranian agencies are coaling around blockchain innovation. In early July, the official Iranian science and technology department signed an agreement to work closely with the central bank on cryptocurrency technology. A few weeks later, the Iranian Ministry of Information and Communication Technologies signed a memorandum with the national library of Iran to use blockchain technology to digitize archives of the country. Iran is clearly optimistic about cryptographic / blockchain technology.

Russia is probably influencing Iran's drive towards cryptography. In May, both the Iranian press and Russian reported that a senior Iranian economic official met with his Russian counterpart in Moscow. The Iranian official then announced that Iran's central bank will develop proposals for a state-supported cryptocurrency and said cryptocurrencies could help both countries avoid the SWIFT banking system and dollar transactions. Also the Russian media reported that the two countries planned to reconvene to discuss inter-bank cooperation in July, although there had not been the press coverage of that meeting. It is interesting to note that Russian entrepreneurs have helped the Maduro regime of Venezuela to launch a state cryptocurrency (although it seems that the effort has erupted ); some media reported that Kremlin has overseen the Venezuelan crypto project.

Details of how the Iranian cryptocurrency would work are unclear, except for officials who claim that the token will be supported by the rial and launched in three months initially for use by domestic banks. Building a new blockchain platform capable of handling huge amounts of daily financial transactions requires considerable time and resources. Thus, this relatively short period of time indicates that Iran has secretly developed it for more than a year or is planning a cryptocurrency built on an existing blockchain. Venezuela tried to make the second

. In any case, the Iranian state crypt is unlikely to strengthen the Iranian economy. Pointing the value on the rial would make the digital token uninteresting as the paper currency of the nation. And eliminating Iranian access to all non-state cryptocurrencies will be difficult. Previously Iran has closed the Internet within its borders, but only for short periods of time. The enthusiasts of the local crypt find work around to trade crypto even when the regime blocks the exchange of websites.

There should be no doubt about the relevance of cryptographic space on US foreign policy and national security. Russia, Venezuela and now Iran are making clear that they intend to resist US sanctions by adopting mechanisms based on blockchain technology. These authoritarian regimes are trying to build an alternative financial system in which there will be no repercussions to finance corruption, oppression and other wrongdoing. US sanctions are not perfect, nor exhaustive, foreign policy instruments, but they are important to enforce global standards of accountability for controlling nuclear proliferation, human rights violations and terrorism.

This does not mean that cryptocurrencies and blockchain should be intrinsically feared or discouraged from the point of view of national security. These are simply new technologies suitable for advancing lawful or illicit objectives. But three things should be done to prevent rogue regimes from building the resistance of sanctions.

First, the US Treasury Department should strengthen the message to US persons and banking institutions with the US financial system that provide financial value of any kind to the regime in Iran violates US sanctions, either through dollars or cryptocurrency. Months ago, the Treasury said it was ready to add digital currency addresses to property of blacklist sanctions targets. While sanctioned actors can create new addresses to their liking, address designation would encourage financial institutions to proceed with caution so as not to reinforce penalties when they enter the encrypted space.

Secondly, the United States and other governments worried about nations exploiting blockchain technology for rooted authoritarianism should recognize that, similar to the space race of decades ago, a "cryptic race" is now emerging. The countries of the Group of Seven (G7) should observe the coordination between the outlawed actors in this race and strategies to promote the innovation of the crypto / blockchain which truly improves economic and political freedom. Although it is unlikely that Russia, Venezuela and Iran can build a financial system based on the cryptocurrency trusted by the rest of the world, their intentions should not be ignored. The best protection against such a move would be for free nations to invest in the crypto / blockchain space so that this nascent technology, like the internet, develops in association with freedom.

Finally, the larger cryptographic space should not treat cryptography of the rogue regime with ambivalence. Instead, blockchain influencers should "recall" crypto schemes that finance oppressive regimes. Just as responsible cryptocurrent enthusiasts know that ICO scams have damaged Crypto's image, they should understand the risk that an authoritative encryption offends the reputation of the technology. The fascinating thing about cryptographic / blockchain space is that its history has yet to be written. It is important that when it does, it is transmitted with the highest code.

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