A large Chinese university is proposing blockchain technology as a better way to manage web domain names.
According to a patent application published Thursday by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, Peking University's Shenzhen Graduate School is examining how a "consortium blockchain" can improve security and efficiency in managing top-level domains (TLDs)
While the currently standard internet domain name system is already based on a distributed system, there are "technical problems", the team claims.
For example, the current distribution of root name servers is not uniform throughout the world. As a result, the states of the file:
"Internet users in Asia enjoy domain name resolution speeds significantly lower than users in North America, and when a root name server in Asia does not work, more than 20 million user requests will be affected. Internet for domain name resolution – a significantly lower reliability in resolving Asian domain names. "
Because the blockchain "invention" shares data in a "public and immutable way," he says, "trust agencies and even individuals can access information about the blockchain and create a database of corresponding seed files to store the mapping relationships between the upper level and the sub-Domining Name System. "
As a result, all regions can configure domain name servers based on their real needs "to ensure the speed of Internet access without being limited by other institutions".
The proposed system also separates the domain name system into two levels, each corresponding to a subdomain naming system, continued. How the subdomain system is designed is decided by the TLD holder. "Therefore," says the deposit, "the subdomain name system can be designed as a centralized system or as a decentralized system according to the wishes of the institutions".
A further stated advantage is that, being based on a system of distributed nodes, no "consortium or small group" can control the whole process. While cryptocurrencies are potentially prone to what is called a 51% attack (in which an entity that controls more than half the network can rewrite the transactions in their favor), only allowing "trusted" nodes means the mechanism of proof of the work with which miners protect a network "is not necessary", says the deposit.
The team further promotes the system as "completely compatible with the existing internet". While a "more concise and efficient consensus mechanism" offers security and reliability, and a layered structure "ensures the efficiency and portability of the system".
Image of the west gate of the Beijing University via aphotostory / Shutterstock