Map of hunger in Arab countries … Where is your country?


According to the latest data provided by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in its report on the status of food security in the 2019 world, which found that 820 million people in all the world is suffering from hunger, hunger has hit Yemen's strength, affecting 38.9% of that country's population. Between 2016 and 2018, compared to 30.1% between 2004 and 2006.

The percentage of Iraqis suffering from hunger from 28 to 29% between the two periods, while the percentage of hunger in Sudan has reached 20.1%, according to the UN report. The report showed that the hunger rate in Jordan rose from 6.6% to 12.2%, while in Lebanon it went from 3.4% to 11% between the two periods.

Hunger in Kuwait has seen a slight increase from 2.5% to 2.8% between the two periods, while Oman has managed to reduce the hunger cycle from 10.5% to 6, 8%, and the hunger rate in Saudi Arabia decreased from 7.9% to 7.1% and the United Arab Emirates from 4.1% to 2.6%.

When we talk about the map of hunger in North Africa, it is clear that the phenomenon has dropped from 8.8% to 3.9% in Algeria, from 5.4% to 4.5% in Egypt, from 5, 7% to 3.4% in Morocco and from 5.6% to 4.3% in Tunisia.

"The fight against hunger and malnutrition in the Arab world is going through food sovereignty, which can be achieved by striving to embody the demand for self-sufficiency", said the Moroccan agricultural expert Mohamed El Hachem in an interview with New Arab Friday.

"Food sovereignty presupposes a focus on local agricultural production and on the contribution of the population to the formulation of agricultural policies," he says. "This concept is based on betting on the involvement of farmers in the production of goods, in response to consumer wishes."

Armed conflict aggravates hunger (Getty)

"Instead of trying to develop export agriculture, Arab countries should take self-sufficiency in basic raw materials, such as cereals, sugar and oils, which are making a lot of money to import," he said. .

Previous reports have confirmed that Arab countries, which import about 60% of their food needs, face serious difficulties in achieving food security, especially in areas that suffer from instability and armed conflict, where food becomes difficult to guarantee, in a time when it is also difficult to check prices E monitor.

The UN report shows the prevalence of anemia among women and obesity in the Arab world, while nutrition experts point out that malnutrition and iron deficiency in food threaten women with anemia, leading to mortality during childbirth and poor growth in children.

But the report, which notes that the number of hungry people in the world has risen to 820 million, at a time when the international community is trying to eradicate the phenomenon in the last ten years, records that hunger and malnutrition are caused by poverty and social inequalities.

Hunger is on the rise in middle-income countries, which are heavily dependent on imports and exports, he says, pointing out that 54% of the countries where malnutrition has expanded in recent years depend on international commodity markets, in particular food.

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