Here's how Blockchain will help to explore space

Space is an area that has historically been studied by a few governments, being a complex issue that requires thorough, high-level research and, therefore, substantial funding. More recently, with the growing popularity of bold startups like SpaceX, space exploration has become a less exclusive area. Now, however, it seems that the main features of cryptocurrencies – blockchain, its core technology and the concept of Initial Coin Offering (ICO), its crowdfunding model – are bringing even more power to the previously un-shared territory.

Great players are adopting the space exploration blockchain:

Space giants such as Aeronautics and the US Space Administration (NASA) and the European Space Agency ( ESA) are studying ways to use blockchain for their mission. The results obtained so far suggest that technology could be useful both on the ground (facilitating data-related processes, just as in other traditional institutions) and in space (contributing to navigate deep space).

NASA

In 2017 NASA awarded a $ 330,000 grant that supported the development of an autonomous, blockchain-based spacecraft system, which took its first step towards the adoption of the blockchain . Called the Resilient Networking and Computing Paradigm (RNCP), the new system is based on the blockchain and requires no human intervention, since the grant beneficiary, Dr. Jin Wei Kocsis – an assistant professor of electrical engineering and computer science at the University of Akron – outlines in its research synopsis.

As Kocsis explains, the RNCP will look into the application of the smart Blockchain contracts based on Ethereum in the development of a secure computer system that would be applicable for difficult environmental conditions:

"In this project, the Ethereum blockchain la technology will be exploited to develop a decentralized, secure and cognitive network and a deep space exploration computer infrastructure. Blockchain consent protocols will be further explored to improve the resilience of the infrastructure […] I hope to develop a technology capable of recognizing environmental and avoidance threats, as well as automatically completing a number of tasks. "

In addition, the RNCP system will exploit the smart contracts to build a spacecraft that will detect and play automatically and without hindrance any obstacle, since in the deep space the means of communication convene they become less reliable with the weakening of the signal. Therefore, Dr. Kocsis hopes that, equipped with this blockchain solution, spacecraft will be able to complete more tasks, provide more data and give scientists more time for information analysis, as they should not waste time to detect potential environmental threats. No specific chronology has been disclosed so far.

 NASA "src =" https://s3.cointelegraph.com/storage/uploads/view/bbcca8682ec099f96cbcfdfeb02fa3b3.jpg "title =" NASA "/> </p>
<h2>  L & # 39; ESA </h2>
<p>  L & European Space Agency (ESA) – the counterpart of NASA in the EU – has also studied the blockchain, although it is more likely to use technology to streamline internal administrative processes, not to launch it into the deep space of itself. </p>
<p>  In September 2017, ESA presented a report entitled "Distributed Ledger Technology: Leveraging Blockchain for the success of ESA." The document outlines the pros and cons general of the blockchain with some specific examples (eg "saves 25.1 million hours of productivity in Dubai"), and then focuses on the potential benefits suitable for ESA in particular – that is, the use of intelligent contracts in logistics, more payments fast and accurate, real-time access to data changes, updates you continue to access rights and an immutable voting system, between </p>
<p>  In particular, the agency discusses the prospect of applying blockchain in the context of the so-called Space 4.0, defined as "a situation in which there is a greater number of different space actors all over the world. "One of the authors, the senior corporate development coordinator of ESA Gianluigi Baldesi, took part in a seminar held at the European Space Research and Technology Center (ESRTC) in # 39; October 2017: </p>
<p>  "In the space of 4.0 – as in our lives – we must be adaptable to change and cultivate a culture of proactivity and openness both for the break and for the opportunity" , said Baldesi </p>
<h2 dir= Small businesses enter the space where space becomes more democratic

Space is no longer exclusive for governments that have the means to constantly feed their research programs with money : With the arrival of low-cost satellites, the blockchain can be launched into space, cutting ties with an infrastructure that can not be completely decentralized – because it is still connected with fiber optic cables Facebook and Google. Here are some startups that hope to further democratize the cosmos, although it is worth noting that most of them do not have specific deadlines and are therefore rather immature:

 ESA "src =" https: // s3. cointelegraph.com / storage / uploads / view / 3440a1785d1594004d1ebde6e77b4534.jpg "title =" ESA "/> </p>
<h2>  Space Decentral </h2>
<p>  Space Decentral is a startup based in Singapore and an autonomous decentralized organization (DAO), as for his White Paper published at the beginning of 2018. Basically, it is based on the idea that while the pioneers of space like the United States and Russia are still important for the exploration of space, the cosmos is is democratizing and now there are more opportunities available for private players – essentially the same argument supporting the above mentioned Space 4.0 concept. </p>
<p>  While the project plan is noticeably vague, it basically promises "to allow hundreds of thousands of new actors to be part of a global space c not only as financial supporters, but also as contributors of knowledge, regardless of nationality," providing the means for crowdfunding and crowdsourcing of various space-related projects they could hardly be sponsored through previous models – as an ICO simplifies the whole process. Space Decentral has expressed their plans to release a token called Faster Than Light Coin (FTL currency). </p>
<p>  The startup recently announced its "first decentralized space program" called Coral, which is led by four former NASA employees. Its main purpose is to facilitate 3D printing on the lunar surface to build infrastructure for the settlers. </p>
<h2>  SpaceChain </h2>
<p>  The SpaceChain startup is less about space exploration and more about the use of existing infrastructure to improve the blockchain experience, even if the outer space he is also involved in this case. Basically, SpaceChain is building the world's first open source satellite network that works on blockchain nodes. In fact, his CEO Zheng Zuo seems to know the price of true decentralization, based on a comment he provided for Tech in Asia: </p>
<blockquote>
<p>  "You can run a decentralized e-commerce platform, but in the back-end, you are using [Amazon Web Services] It is their technological infrastructure […] After we all begin to depend on this centralized service, it is difficult to realize true decentralization. "</p>
</blockquote>
<p>  Supported by former Bitcoin developer and CEO of Bloq Jeff Garzik and one of the most important cryptographic investors Tim Draper, SpaceChain launched its first low-orbit satellite – based on convenient CubeSat technology – in February 2018. In this way, the startup hopes to establish a completely decentralized network that, supported by SpaceChain's open-source operating system, it aims to become a blockchain sandbox for other developers. As the SpaceChain team explains in their post medium: </p>
<blockquote>
<p>  "Satellites are used as blockchain nodes for data processing, transmission, storage of data in space and application development. it also integrates with Qtum to provide the basic service API for smart contracts and blockchain application. "</p>
</blockquote>
<p>  <img alt=

Blockstream

The idea a decentralized and distant blockchain that is powered by satellites is not particularly new – a startup called Blockstream began to use the concept in 2017, when it announced its Blockstream Satellite Project, which aims to transmit blockchain to every person on planet Earth and he also performed his first transaction.

To run a space-based blockchain, Blockstream Satellite was based on open source technologies: its release quoted GNU Radio and Fast Internet Bitcoin Relay Engine (FIBER) as embedded technologies, while the FAQ elaborates:

"Anyone can receive the signal with a small satellite dish (similar to a consumer satellite dish) and a USB SDR (defined radio soft interface) […] The total cost of the equipment for a user is only about $ 100. The software is free. Software interface is the open source software GNU Radio, which is the receiver GNU Radio will send data to the FIBER protocol, which is the Bitcoin process and is where the blocks reside. "

Africa, Europe, South America and North America were the first regions where users could download a beta node – essentially, two-thirds of the planet had been covered. According to the state of the network, other regions have not yet been introduced.

Nexus

Nexus is an Arizona-based startup that announced the so-called "world's first three-dimensional blockchain". In particular, the concept involves a satellite network that Nexus is developing in collaboration with Vector Space Systems. Its mission is "to provide global access to its digital currency and autonomous internet infrastructure using Vector's Galactic Sky software platform in a Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellite network", which is quite similar to projects mentioned above.

Nexus also emphasizes the importance of decentralization in a world dominated by giant multinationals:

"A space platform offers greater redundancy and security for decentralized applications, since satellites are resistant to regulation or control by of government and corporate bodies. "

In addition, the startup hopes to provide "reliable and affordable" Internet access via its blockchain satellite network, while the revenues raised by the commercial applications in the foreground will be used to pay for the maintenance and operation of the network , lowering costs for occasional customers.

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