The state adopts a strategy to increase the number of doctors and improve their conditions … and a recipe to stop their emigration


The health sector has received a large chunk of political leadership attention since the June 30 revolution, as the state has made strenuous efforts over the past six years to improve the medical system, alleviate the pain and grief of citizens, and bring it to a level that meets the aspirations, dreams and hopes of the Egyptian people.

To this end, the government has implemented an ambitious plan to develop existing hospitals, open new hospitals, provide them with the latest devices and equipment, and work to deliver medicines, especially shortages, as well as launch many health initiatives, as well as implement the first phase of the global health insurance system.

Among the most important development axes of the medical sector that the state has taken care of in recent years is the plan to increase the number of medical institutions, which has contributed to the increase in the number of doctors in all fields for address the shortage of doctors and bring them to global rates in relation to the population.

According to the latest statistics, the ratio of the number of doctors to the population in Egypt in 1990 was about 38,000 doctors, at the rate of one doctor for every 1,513 citizens, and the number increased in 2000 to reach 90,000 doctors, at the rate of one doctor for every 755 people, and this percentage jumped to 109,000 doctors at a pace in 2020. One doctor for every 964 people and, in light of this, the Ministry of Higher Education has confirmed that the state is moving forward with its plan to expand the establishment of medical colleges and increase the number of hospitalizations, in order to resolve the crisis of the shortage of doctors in government hospitals, indicating that global rates indicate that there are 23 doctors for every 10,000 citizens. But the situation in Egypt is 9 or 10 doctors for every 10,000 citizens.

The ministry plans to bridge the gap in the medical shortage over the next three years by providing a stimulating environment for doctors and giving them an attractive return to work in the Ministry of Health and university hospitals, indicating there is demand for the Egyptian physician in Germany, England and the Gulf states to a large extent, given the efficiency and presence of Deficiency of them.

The Ministry of Higher Education has tended to increase the number of admissions to medical faculties to cope with the increase in the total segment compared to last year, as well as the annual increase also requires an increase in the number of school graduates of medicine according to international rates, and in this context Dr. Muhammad Mustafa Latif, Secretary General of the Supreme Council For public universities, the latest university coordination indicators for the year 2020 indicated the admission of 24,000 students, according to the directives of President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, to increase the number of medical students admitted in light of the shortage of doctors.

Egypt currently comprises 26 medical colleges affiliated with public universities (Kasr El Ainy, Alexandria, Ain Shams, Assiut, Mansoura, Fayoum, Minya, Beni Suef, Benha, South Valley, Kafr El Sheikh, Menoufia, Suez Canal, Tanta, Zagazig, Suez, Damietta, Helwan, Aswan, Port Said and private universities 4 as well as private universities and Sohag 4) Others affiliated with Al-Azhar University and a medical college affiliated with the military and colleges were opened this year doctors of various specializations in 3 new private universities

The Supreme Council of Universities said that Egypt is taking steady steps to steadily increase the numbers accepted in human medicine faculties, implementing President Sisi’s directives on the need to expand the number of medical school graduates to meet the needs of the country of human doctors in Egypt and in Arab and African countries in light of the serious need for medical personnel after the Corona virus pandemic “.

The Supreme Council of Universities indicated that the state is working to increase the number of medical graduates according to central studies that were developed on the basis of international standards for the preparation of medical teams relative to the total population over the next five years, noting that during the number of accepted medical students has already increased last year. Public and private universities have around 10,000 students, according to the capacity of the faculties, which have already reached 24,000 in 2020.

Dr Siddiq Abdel Salam, secretary of private universities of the Supreme Council of Universities, said that eight thousand students were admitted to four medical schools for the year 2020, explaining: “We have a number of private universities in Egypt such as Al-Nahda. , October 6, Badr, Pharos, the Russian University, Egypt International, the Canadian Al-Ahram and the future, from Among them are four universities that include medical schools. “

The state has also adopted a strategy to improve doctors’ incomes, in implementation of President Sisi’s directives to increase the compensation for medical professions by 75% of the current value, including doctors working in university hospitals, for a cost total of about 2.25 billion EGP, in addition to establishing a risk fund for members of the medical profession.

Dr Khaled Samir, former treasurer of the Medical Syndicate and professor of cardiac surgery at Ain Shams University’s Faculty of Medicine, said in a special statement at the “Al-Ahram Gate” that the ratio of the number of doctors in Egypt and the population number, despite its proximity to global reports, is not ideal due to the age structure. The population in Egypt and its difference from other countries, the geographical distribution of the population, as well as the specialties of these doctors

Samir stressed the need to renew the license to practice the profession every 3 or 5 years to know the number of real professionals, especially since there are those who have left the profession and traveled abroad or left their jobs, especially women. doctor.

Samir praised the steps taken by the state to improve the conditions of doctors and increase the number of graduates, calling for urgent action to solve the main problems facing doctors, which are wages, working conditions and hours, availability of supplies and prevention. attacks on medical personnel and health facilities and imprisonment in professional cases.

Dr Mohamed Ezz Al-Arab, consultant to the Egyptian Center for the Right to Drugs and founder of the Liver Cancer Unit at the National Liver Institute, said in exclusive statements to “Al-Ahram Gate” that the efforts of the been to improve the health system and increase the number of doctors can not be denied even if it is taking its first steps, and we are with its efforts To improve the conditions of the health system.

Ezz Al-Arab added that improving the system still needs a lot, as the medical work system in Egypt in recent years has expelled doctors, due to many factors, including disproportionate financial compensation and a lack of a strong position to discourage cases of medical abuse in hospitals, and indicated that improved demand Wages are an important requirement and an essential input for improving health conditions in Egypt and increasing the number of doctors, through the return of workers abroad and the arrest of immigration cases, mainly because wages in Egypt are among the lowest in the world and are not commensurate with the wages of some other groups in Egypt.

He stressed the need to provide postgraduate studies for doctors, provide a good training opportunity, as well as have community protection for them while on the job, and then work to stop the migration of doctors abroad, explaining that there are about 6,000 Egyptian doctors in Great Britain and there are tens of thousands of Egyptian doctors in the Gulf countries.

Ezz Al-Arab called for the creation of a plan to attract doctors to calculate the real indicator to serve citizens by increasing the number of doctors in the government sector, not measuring the total number of graduates.

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