XRP Ledger has gone through the "psychological decentralization barrier" as the Ripple company only holds less than 48% of the validation nodes on its UNL (Unique Node List). Add to this the removal of the ability to pass decisions, unilaterally, and it will turn out that the XRP register is becoming decentralized.
A specific feature of the underlying XRP (XRP) technology, the Unique Node List allows a register of validators to be verified on each transaction, while each node in the ledger can choose its own UNL or go with the & # 39; UNL offered by Ripple.
There is no doubt that during 2018, Ripple struggled to decentralize its XRP (XRP) and its underlying technology, step by step, by introducing third-party node validators into the main UNL. Even more, for two private validators added to the list of predefined unique nodes, Ripple removes a validator that operates.
XRP Ledger is moving towards decentralization – Ripple has less than 48% of the validators in the main UNL
The process of replacing its validation nodes within the UNL with third-party validators is a complete process. However, now, Ripple handles only 10 out of 21 nodes, which means they still have control over less than 48% of the validators in the default UNL.
Among the third-party validators that control the nodes in the UNL, there are Bithomp (XRP Ledger explorer), Bitso (a Mexican cryptographic exchange based on the XRapid XRP platform), Brex.Io (a solution company of payment), XRP Tip Bot (the bot used to overturn users on Reddit and Twitter), ATTokyo (a data center from Japan), Banhof (an Internet service provider in Sweden), and WorldLink US (a technology solutions company) ), among others.
This action represents the steps XRP Ledger is adopting for decentralization, while Ripple is controlling only 48% of the validation nodes within the UNL (Unique Node List). However, there are another six nodes to be adopted by third parties to increase the degree of decentralization of the Led XRP register.