Blockchain offers technology solutions to provide easy access to various government services, but there are still several implementation challenges.
Blockchain technology is slowly emerging as a response to many governance challenges, and state governments across the country have begun to use it with the goal of improving citizen services.
At 21st The Bengaluru Tech Summit, the main event of the Karnataka government focused on IT and BT, experts in a seminar on "Beyond the blockchain – Solutions in governance", said it was still in its infancy for this technology in as there were some aspects concerning challenges.
Manikam Selvendran, IAS, – Commissioner, Land Records, Government of Madhya Pradesh, said: "Getting a good set of data is the biggest challenge for implementing Blockchain technologies."
The bureaucrat was also of the opinion that for the implementation of Blockchain, it is important to achieve coordination between the various government departments.
State governments throughout the country such as Rajasthan, Telangana, Goa and Andhra Pradesh have started using Blockchain technology to provide various services to citizens. The biggest goal was on the land registry documents.
Rajesh Dhuddu of Tech Mahindra considered that the introduction of Blockchain technology will be a continuous process in which the government's goal will be to empower citizens and reduce the level of corruption.
Blockchain as a technology was implemented by governments across Europe and Sweden, they even implemented gamification in proprietary documents.
However, despite the advantages of Blockchain technology, there are many practical challenges. There is always the question of how much information can be public and which can not be accessed. Moreover, there is also the problem of who will be the central authority in the management of Blockchain systems.
Shravan Poorigali of Mindtree said that the main goal of technology should be to improve the processes of governments.
NITI Aayog will soon publish a whitepaper on Blockchain and the Maharashtra government has prepared the draft on the land-based bill, which will bring clarity to property registers.
Finally, there is also the big question about what legal support would be for Blockchain-enabled government services because everything would be digitized.