Home / Science / The Beirut Development Summit launches a joint Arab electricity market and strategy to eradicate poverty

The Beirut Development Summit launches a joint Arab electricity market and strategy to eradicate poverty



The Middle East press agency (MENA) received the draft resolutions of Arab leaders at their fourth economic and social summit, which will be held on Sunday in Beirut under the chairmanship of Lebanese President Michel Aoun.

The Arab summit decided to affirm the Arab and Islamic collective responsibility towards Jerusalem and to ask all Arab and Islamic countries and organizations, Arab funds, civil society organizations and the sector to support the economy Palestinian. Provide funding for the implementation of the projects contained in the Strategic Plan for Sectoral Development in East Jerusalem in coordination with the State of Palestine.
It also decided to ask the Member States to comply with the decision of the Amman summit of 29 March 2017 to increase the resources of the Al Aqsa and Jerusalem funds of $ 500 million, confirmed by the Jerusalem summit in Dhahran with resolution 711 of 15 April 2018 We see them quickly satisfied.

It also decided to invite the specialized Arab Ministerial Councils, the Arab Parliament, the Arab national parliaments and the Arab organizations and federations to develop means to mobilize public support for the implementation of the Strategic Plan for Sectoral Development in Jerusalem 2018-2022 in coordination with the State of Palestine.
It also decided to adopt the Arab and Islamic voluntary intervention mechanism to implement the strategic plan for sector development in Jerusalem 2018-20200 through coordination and communication with the State of Palestine.

The resolution strongly condemns Israeli plans and policies aimed at weakening the Palestinian economy and depriving the Palestinian people of their inalienable right to development, including colonial colonial expansion policies, in various occupations of the entire occupied Palestinian land since 1967, including East Jerusalem, its geographical contiguity and its exploitation of its natural resources, which slows down rates of economic growth and exacerbates the economic and social crisis there.

It was also stressed that a boycott of the Israeli occupation system is one of the effective and legitimate means of resisting and terminating it, and calls on all countries, institutions, companies and individuals to commit themselves to halting all forms of dealing with the Israeli occupation regime. and its colonies in violation of international law. That deals with Israeli settlements in accordance with the relevant resolutions of the Human Rights Council.
The Federal Republic of Brazil has also been called to refrain from taking positions that undermine the legal status of Al-Quds Al-Sharif in order to preserve the bonds of friendship and relations with the Arab countries and also states the determination of members to take decisions that undermine the legal status of Al-Quds Al-Sharif. .

It was decided to thank the Bank for Islamic Development for its efforts in managing the Al-Qud and Al-Aqsa funds, to take note of the results of the Al-Qud and Al-Aqsa funds and to thank the Arab countries and financial institutions Arabs who pledged to pay their contributions to additional support. That was approved by the Arab summits of Beirut, Sirte and Dead Sea and invited other countries to respect their commitments.
With regard to a draft resolution on "Food security – The initiative of the President of Sudan on Arab food security", it was decided to take note of developments concerning the implementation of the Sudanese President's initiative for Arab agricultural investments in Sudan and to emphasize the importance of the implementation of all the projects mentioned in the initiative.
The Arab private sector has also been invited to invest in projects provided by the initiative to achieve Arab food security and to hold forums to identify the opportunities and areas available for Arab agricultural investments in Sudan in coordination with the Federation of Arab Chambers and to accept the provisions adopted by the Government of the Republic of Sudan to implement the initiative.
The decision included holding the first meeting of the members of the mechanism for implementing the initiative and the problem of the decision of the Amman Summit n. 698 of 29 March 2017, which includes the Government of the Republic of Sudan and the Secretariat of the League of Arab States and Arab Funds and the Arab Organization for Agricultural Development, the Private Sector and the Competent Organizations and the Union during the first quarter of this year 2019 and develop a vision to accelerate and follow the implementation of the initiative.

It was decided to welcome the continuation of the implementation of the framework plan for the Arab food security emergency program 2017-2021 and to instruct the General Secretariat and the Arab Organization for Agricultural Development to complete their requirements and to invite Arab funds to contribute to the provision of funding for the completion of the projects. Technical support to the Member States of the program.

A draft resolution on "Arab Food Security – Integration and trade of agricultural, plant and animal products in the Arab region" was decided to invite Arab funds and institutions to guarantee funding for studies on integration projects and the trade in crops and products plants and animals in the Arab region, Arab agricultural development, in accordance with the regulations of these funds and institutions.

The project includes a project to stabilize productivity in the rain sector in the Arab region, a project to reduce waste and food waste, a food security project and a project to improve the legislative and regulatory framework for the exchange of agricultural products in the Arab region. , The project of rural agricultural production and the project of integration and trade of zootechnical products in the Arab region, including: animal health and cross-border animal diseases, feed production and feed production Pascolo, and projects the trade in livestock in Arab world.

A draft resolution on the development of the Great Arab Free Trade Area and the completion of the requirements for the establishment of the Arab Customs Union was decided by the Greater Arab Free Trade Area to take note of the executive measures for development Legislative Decree of the Great Arab Free Trade Area preparing integrations to the executive program of the region And the request of the General Secretariat to move forward to complete all the requirements of the region, which works to remove all obstacles that impede the flow of trade between Arab countries.
It also welcomed the achievement of the transparency and commitment mechanisms of the Arab states in the Economic and Social Council resolutions concerning the Great Arab Free Trade Area and the call of the Arab States to respect its provisions.

The detailed rules of origin of the Arab countries include: – Welcoming the entry into force of the list of detailed rules of origin for Arab goods agreed by the Economic and Social Council at its 101st session and entrusting the Economic Council and social work to complete the remaining unconventional rules of origin.

On the liberalization of trade in services, it was decided to accept the ratification by the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia of the Arab Convention for the liberalization of trade in services between the Arab States, the signing of the Convention by part of Egypt and the exhortation of the Arab states that have submitted their commitments of commitments under the Arab Convention for the Liberation of Trade in Services The Arab States will take the necessary steps towards the rapid conclusion of the procedures for the signature and ratification of the Convention and to invite States that are not party to the Arab Convention for the liberalization of trade in services between the Arab States to present their calendars of accession to the Convention.

Regarding customs cooperation, it was decided to welcome the signature by the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia of the Customs Cooperation Agreement between the Arab States and to invite the other Arab States to sign it quickly in implementation of the resolutions of the Economic and Social Council.
Regarding the Arab Customs Union, it was decided to take note of the measures taken regarding the establishment of the Arab Customs Union and to invite the Arab countries to accelerate the completion of the requirements for the 39. Institution of the Union, In particular, ask the Secretariat to accelerate the completion of studies on the requirements for the establishment of the Arab Customs Union and present its results to the Member States.

As regards a draft resolution on the Arab Charter for the development of the SME sector, it was decided to approve the draft Arab Charter for the development of the SME sector in the attached format.
On a draft resolution on "Arab Strategy for Sustainable Energy 2030", it was decided to adopt the Arab Strategy for Sustainable Energy 2030, as an annex, and to invite the Arab States to lead them.

"Arab leaders have decided to congratulate the efforts of the Arab Electricity Council to establish the Arab common market for electricity and welcome the signing by the Arab member states of the memorandum of understanding and invite them to try and implement it.
The Arab leaders have decided to instruct the Arab ministerial council for electricity to complete the documents of the governance of the Arab common market for electricity.

The Algerian delegation, in the course of a meeting between foreign ministers and ministers concerned with the Economic and Social Council, took note of its decision on this decision, therefore it was said that the process of study and discussion of the agreement market is premature right now. The Algerian delegation proposed to postpone it until the general agreement is discussed and approved by the member states before proceeding to examine the special documents resulting from the "governance documents".

The Arab leaders decided on the draft resolution entitled "Integration of tourism and cultural and cultural heritage in Arab countries" to approve the initiative of "Integrating tourism and cultural heritage and civilization among the Arab states in the attached format, so such as the Council of Arab Tourism Ministers in Coordination with Cultural Ministers The Arab countries develop an executive plan for the initiative and the search for sources to provide funding for them, without the Member States bearing any financial burden.
In the resolution project on solid waste in the Arab world, Arab leaders decided to instruct the Council of Arab Ministers responsible for the environment to develop a framework strategy for solid waste management in Arab countries.

The Arab leaders have decided on the draft "Development Fund" resolution to ask the Arab countries to remove the obstacles to Arab economic integration projects, as well as to invite the Arab countries to present projects of Arab integration to their Arab priorities.
Arab leaders welcomed the announcement of the declaration of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania in the economic zone of Anuadib and asked the Arab countries to consider the possibility of contributing to investments in this region, and invited Arab funds and financial institutions to give Priority for projects between public and private partnerships, In our Arab countries

The Arab summit praised the role played by Arab funds in financing Arab development projects and thanked the Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development to fund feasibility studies of Arab economic integration projects and to express its availability and other funds to finance these projects.
In the context of the "Aid for Trade" agenda, the Arab Summit invited donors from the Arab region and in addition to supporting the efforts of the International Islamic Trade Finance Corporation (IFTC) to launch the second phase of the program, serving the Arab foreign minister as a driver for development.
The General Secretariat was tasked with preparing a regular report from the Economic and Social Council on progress in the implementation of the program, as well as taking note of the results of the first phase of the assistance program for trade in Arab states, which implemented 28 projects for 19 Arab countries.

On the basis of a draft resolution on the "economic and social burden of housing displaced Syrian refugees and their impact on host countries", the Arab Summit decided to affirm all resolutions of the Arab summits, the Economic and Social Council and ministerial councils on the economic and social burdens of hosting displaced Syrian refugees and their impact on Arab host countries.

The Arab summit called on the international community to support the Arab countries hosting displaced Syrian refugees and to establish their development projects to help reduce the economic and social impact of this hosting and to instruct the General Secretariat to follow up requests presented to international donors, including the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the Arab Republic of Egypt and those to be provided by other Arab countries hosting displaced Syrian refugees through the General Secretariat, Focal Points in the host Arab countries and the Secretariat for this purpose.

The Arab Summit decided to instruct the General Secretariat to convene a meeting of international donors, specialized international organizations and Arab funds through the participation of Arab host countries to displaced refugees / Syrians to agree a clear and specific mechanism for project funding.

The Arab Summit decided to entrust the General Secretariat with serious efforts to attract Arab and international investment to the countries hosting Syrian refugees / displaced according to their needs, provided that these countries provide the General Secretariat with investment maps to achieve this goal by two months from the date
.
The Arab summit decided "to invite the international community and competent international bodies to promote the safe, dignified and orderly return of Syrian refugees and refugees to areas where fighting has ceased." Some have insisted on the need for voluntary repatriation in accordance with international refugee resolutions, other parties, including Lebanon, have called for the return of refugees until they have been secure and dignified, something that some Arab countries have challenged. In international refugee conventions, this is a voluntary repatriation, but this paragraph has been raised for Arab leaders for further consultations.

Regarding the draft resolution "The challenges faced by UNRWA and its implications for the countries hosting Palestinian refugees", the Summit affirmed the right of return and compensation for Palestinian refugees and their descendants in accordance with the Relevant resolutions of international legitimacy, in particular Resolution 194/1948 of the General Assembly, as well as the mandate given to the UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees "UNRWA" in accordance with the resolution established by the United Nations General Assembly n. 302 of 1949, and not to prejudice its mandates or responsibilities and not to change or transfer responsibilities to the other, in addition to the need for the Agency to continue to assume its responsibilities in providing services to Palestinian refugees at the same time. internal and external fields in all areas of its operations, including occupied Jerusalem, until the Palestinian refugees are resolved in a fair and complete manner in accordance with Resolution 194 and the Peace Initiative arab of 2002.

The summit said it rejected any attempt or decision to end or lessen the role and mandate of UNRWA from any country and invites the international community to commit to the mandate of the Agency and to ensure resources and financial contributions needed for your budgets and activities.

The conference also stressed the importance of continuing to provide the necessary moral and financial support for UNRWA programs and regular activities and invited UNRWA to find sufficient means to expand the leaders of the donor countries and increase the funds allocated to them according to the needs of the Agency and urge the Arab countries to complete their contribution to the annual contribution of UNRWA.

With regard to the establishment of a "common Arab vision in the field of digital economy", the Summit agreed in principle the development of a common Arab vision in the digital economy and the mandate of the councils. ministerial specialists in cooperation with the Arab Organization for ICT and skills available in Arab countries in the form of this vision.

Regarding the support of the Republic of Yemen for reconstruction and development, the summit called on Member States, financial institutions, Arab funds, Arab and specialized organizations and donors to provide technical and material support to the Republic of Yemen in the framework of an integrated program contributing to reconstruction and recovery and ensuring the return of economic and social development.

The Summit also called on these parties to provide support to the Republic of Yemen in areas of assistance to refugees and displaced persons, in the fields of education and global education, comprehensive health coverage, support programs for women, rehabilitation of children and young people who have been recruited in war and the functioning of productive families and humanitarian and relief assistance.

Regarding support for Somalia in its efforts to implement the Somali development plan and exempt it from its debts, the Foreign Minister affirmed the importance of implementing the resolutions of the previous ordinary Arab summits 2015, 2017 and 2018 on the 39; provision of urgent financial support of $ 10 million a month for a year through the Somalia Support Account This is the moment of the General Secretariat of the Arab League to strengthen the budget of the Somali government so that it can establish and manage its institutions and implement its programs in security and stability, combat corruption and violence and provide important and necessary services.

The summit called on Member States to forgive Somalia's debts to support its economy and allow it to benefit from the highly indebted poor debt initiative and to thank Algeria and Arabia Saudi Arabia for exempting Somalia from its debt.

Regarding the Arab strategic framework for the elimination of multidimensional poverty 2020/2030, the summit adopted the Arab Strategic Framework for the Elimination of Multidimensional Poverty 2020/2030 as a framework that strengthens the Arab efforts to achieve sustainable development in the Arab region.
The summit adopted the document of the family action platform in the Arab region in the framework of the implementation of the 2030 sustainable development goals as a family development agenda in the Arab region and the call of the Arab countries to coordinate the implementation of this platform.

The Summit also agreed to take the initiative of the General Secretariat of the League of Arab States entitled "Pink Portfolio" as a regional initiative for women's health in the Arab region and to entrust the Secretariat in coordination with the Member States for the 39, activation of this initiative at national level in cooperation with specialized ministerial councils.
واعتمدت القمة "الافال فى وضع اللجوء النزوح" فى الدول العربية كوثيقة اسرشادية لضمان حماية الأطفال فى وضع اللجوء فى الدول العربية وإنفاذ حقوقهم.

واعتمدت القمة التوصيات الصادرة عن دراسة "عمل الأطفال فى المنطقة العربية", كوثيقة استرشادية لتدعيم جهود الدول العربية للقضاء على هذه الظاهرة.
وأكدت القمة أهمية الارتقاء بالتعليم الفنى والمهنى فى الوطن العربى, وكلفت القمة الأمانة العامة لعقد لقاء للخبراء المعنيين بالتعليم الفنى والمهنى بالدول العربية بالتنسيق مع المنظمة العربية للتربية والثقافة والعلوم ومشاركة الجهات المعنية بهذا الشأن, وذلك لوضع إطار خطة شاملة للتعليم الفنى والمهنى تتوافق مع احتياجات سوق العمل .

ووافقت القمة على برنامج إدماج النساء والفتيات فى مسيرة التنمية بالمجتمعات المحلية, وكلفت القمة منظمة المراة العربية بالتعاون مع الأمانة العامه تنفيذ هذا البرنامج.
ورحبت القمة باستضافة لبنان للدورة الرابعة عشر للالعاب الرياضية العربية 2021, ودعوة الدول الأعضاء إلى تقديم الدعم الطوعى للبنان لتنظيم هذه الدورة فى أبهى الظروف وأيسرها.

كما رحبت القمة بدعوة الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية باستضافة الدورة الخامسة للقمة العربية التنموية: الاقتصادية والاجتماعية المقرر انعقادها سنة 2023, وتكليف الأمانه العامة بالتنسيق مع الدول المضيفة للقمة للإعداد والتحضير لأعمال هذه القمة.


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