The President of the Republic, General Michel Aoun, stressed that Lebanon paid heavily for war and terrorism, and for years has endured the weight of regional and international displacement of the Syrian brothers, in addition to the Palestinian brothers of 70 years. In addition to the Israeli occupation, which has persisted for seven decades in its aggression and occupation of the Palestinian and Arab territories and in the lack of respect for international resolutions, and today has reached the peak of its aggression by the Jerusalem judges and its declaration as the capital of Israel and the adoption of the law "Jewish nationalism of the State of Israel". At the same time, he said, "The most dangerous of all this is the case of internal hesitations and dispersions experienced by the Arab world".
President Aoun stressed that the first challenge we face today is to make all the painful events that have led us to work together to get out of the vicious circle of wars and their consequences and to advance the march towards a better future for our peoples. Eliminate poverty, which generates inequality, wars and terrorism, as well as combating corruption and implementing the necessary reforms at all levels and ensuring the stability of legislation and justice in the justice system to provide a factor of confidence for investment "and regional "through a common work based on the construction of the Arab man, and to encourage the knowledge of the other," he said, recalling in this context his call to "establish" the Academy of Arts. human encounter and dialogue "for the space of the meeting between people".
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The President of the Republic raised a series of questions in this regard, stating: "Where are we today from the common Arab market and the procedures that help the unloading of agricultural production in compliance with agricultural calendars and reciprocity that allow Arab integration? Where are the big projects like the projects that connect the Arab countries, as well as the Great Arab Free Trade Area, and increase the rate of intra-direct investment in the Arab countries? "It is not time to facilitate the exchange of land through the points frontier and open crossings that allow the passage of goods between our countries?
President Aoun called on the international community to exert all possible efforts and to provide the necessary conditions for the safe return of displaced Syrians in their country, particularly in stable, accessible or low-voltage areas, without linking it to a political solution. Incentives to return to contribute to the reconstruction and stability of their country ".
The President of the Republic presented an initiative aimed at "adopting the reconstruction strategy for development", calling for "effective mechanisms to be brought into line with these challenges and reconstruction needs, in particular the establishment of a Arab Bank for Reconstruction and Development to help all affected Arab countries and peoples to overcome their situation, In their sustained economic growth, the well-being of their peoples and the achievement of the goals of sustainable development ". In this context, he also invited "all Arab institutions and funding funds to meet in Beirut over the next three months to discuss and elaborate these mechanisms".
The positions of the President of the Republic and his initiative were pronounced during his speech on behalf of Lebanon, opening the fourth session of the Arab economic and social development summit held in Beirut after Lebanon had received its presidency from the Kingdom of # 39; Saudi Arabia. President Aoun presided over the meeting and on his right was the secretary general of the League of Arab States Ahmed Aboul Gheit and left by the Minister of Foreign Affairs and the emigrants Gebran Bassil.
In his speech, President Aoun stated that "the convening of this summit in Beirut in this delicate phase of the region is an affirmation of the role and mission of Lebanon in its surroundings and in the world." He wished that "it was an opportunity to gather all the Arabs, there would be no vacancies". We have made every effort to remove the reasons that led to this holiday, but the obstacles were, unfortunately, stronger, "he added. Unfortunately, brothers and kings have no presence, they have no excuse for their absence. "What afflicts our region, our identity and our belonging will only be achieved through our consensus on our central issues. Indeed, our rights national ones are universal.
The President of the Republic of Mauritania, Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, the President of the Algerian National Assembly Abdelkader Ben Saleh, representing the President Abdelaziz General of the League of Arab States Ahmed Aboul Gheit, Deputy Prime Minister for International Relations and Cooperation of Sultanate of Oman Asaad Ben Tariq Personal Representative of Sultan Qaboos Bin Said, Minister of Finance of Saudi Arabia Mohammed Bin Abdullah Al Jadaan, Minister of Economy Sultan Saeed Al Mansouri P Minister of Foreign Affairs of UAE Sameh Choukri, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Djibouti Mohamed Ali Youssef, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Comoros Mohamed Amin Saif Yemeni, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Tunisia, Khamis Al-Jahnawi, Minister of Foreign Affairs Nasser Bureita, Iraqi Foreign Minister Hakim Mohammad Ali Hakim, Minister of Foreign Affairs Ahmed Awad, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Bahrain Sheikh Khalid bin Ahmed bin Mohammed Al Khalifa Representative of the King of Bahrain, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the State of Kuwait Sabah Al-Sabah, Prime Minister Rami Al-Hamdallah, Prime Minister of Jordan Omar Al-Razaz, Ias of the Republic of Sudan's first team Bakri Hassan Saleh, Minister of the Yemen Industry and Trade Abdel Wahed Mohamed Tamimi.
The meeting was attended by the designated president Saad Hariri, former presidents of the republic, ministers, deputies and heads of the Lebanese communities, security leaders, ambassadors of Arab and foreign countries, governors, general managers and a host of official, economic personalities. , industrial, trade union and media.
And to the text of President Aoun's speech …
Excellencies, heads of delegation
HE Mr. Ahmed Aboul Gheit Secretary General of the League of Arab States
Welcome to Beirut or Shariat and the cradle of trades
We welcome guests to your country and to the dear brothers who will meet at this summit to meet the economic and development challenges facing our countries: our efforts will be able to meet the aspirations of our peoples and the aspirations of future generations. I would like to thank His Majesty King Salman bin Abdulaziz for his presidency of the previous Summit session.
Our region was hit by an earthquake of mobile wars, some of our countries were in the middle of it directly, and others were on the table, and in both cases the losses are heavy, human, economic, social and security .. .
We are not here today to discuss the causes, causes and instigators of wars, but to address their devastating consequences for the economy and the growth of our countries, which have brought us back,
The internal wars, the spread of terrorism and extremism and the emergence of waves of displaced persons and kindergartens, which the world has not seen since the end of the Second World War, have negatively influenced the development process it is making road in the region, especially in some countries that suffer mainly from economic and social problems. It will continue to have repercussions and repercussions on them for many years, which will inevitably prevent the implementation of any economic and social calendar to achieve the goals of sustainable development, and make them lagging behind the rest of the world.
Where are our countries from the march towards achieving the global goals of sustainable development, from the eradication of extreme poverty to the fight against inequality and injustice or the reform of climate change when the houses are destroyed on their head and the most basic rights of peoples to freedom and dignified life? And are millions of people leaving their land in other countries that are already under their burdens and restricting their populations?
I speak from the website of Al-Aref, because Lebanon has paid a high price war and terrorism, and for years has borne the burden of regional and international burdens of the displacement of the Syrian brothers, in addition to the 70-year brotherhood of the Palestinian brothers . Restricted infrastructure, inadequate infrastructure, limited resources and an overloaded labor market.
On the other hand, there is the Israeli occupation, which has persisted for seven decades in its aggression and occupation of the Palestinian and Arab territories and its contempt for international resolutions. Today, it has reached 39, apex of its aggression judging Jerusalem, declaring it the capital of Israel and adopting the "Jewish nationalism of the State of Israel", with the result of striking the Palestinian identity and trying to overthrow the resolution 194 and the right of return. In addition, Israeli threats, continued pressure on Lebanon, permanent violations of Resolution 1701 and Lebanese sovereignty, land, sea and air.
But the most dangerous of all this is the state of vacillation and internal dispersion experienced by the Arab world, and it is known that "every kingdom divided on itself is ruined, and every house divided on itself does not prove". This devastation touches the pillars of our countries, the first of which is the economy, prosperity and development.
Our nation and our great thinker, Gibran Khalil Gibran, say: "Woe to a nation that wears what is not woven and eats what is not sown and drinks from what does not make it difficult". Becoming a productive nation "weaves, grows and fights" It is all painful events that have led us to work together to get out of the vicious circle of wars and their consequences, to advance the march towards a better future for our peoples, an example in Europe that knows how to heal the wounds of its wars and achieve peace through economic and social prosperity.
Our summit takes place after a period of several years in which the world witnessed the historic decision of the 70th session of the UN General Assembly in 2015, with the n. 70/1, in which it approved the sustainable development plan of 1730 for 2030.
"This plan represents a program of action for people, the planet and for prosperity, and is also aimed at promoting world peace in a wider atmosphere of freedom," said the first resolution. Reaching prosperity is a daunting but not impossible task.
Addressing the root causes of crises and trying to eradicate poverty, which generates inequality, war and terrorism, must be a priority: fighting corruption, implementing the necessary reforms at all levels, ensuring the stability of legislation and fairness of the judicial system to provide the trust factor for domestic and foreign investment. We also need to coordinate Arab programs and plans before the UN Summit on Sustainable Development in New York on September 25, in the presence of world leaders.
In line with economic, investment and agricultural projects in the framework of a global and integrated vision, the basis of our common work must be based on the construction of the Arab human being, on the protection of women's rights, on their essential role in our societies, on the protection of children, on education and on the immunization of young people and on encouraging others. The institution of the "Academy of Man for Meeting and Dialogue" for its cultural and social dimensions and for what constitutes the meeting space between people.
We hope this summit can help to activate the activities of outstanding projects and work to complete them and bring them into the interest of all our peoples. Where are we today from the common Arab market and measures that contribute to the unloading of agricultural production in compliance with agricultural calendars and reciprocity that allow for Arab integration? Where are the big projects like the interconnection projects between the Arab countries, including the electricity connection, as well as the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, and increasing the rate of intra-direct investment in Arab countries? Is not it time to facilitate the exchange of land through the border points and the opening of crossings that allow the passage of goods between our countries? And from where we are correcting the course of the Arab facilitation agreement to become more just and complete?
We also hope that the Development Summit will be able to witness modern and useful projects for the Arab world, and Lebanon will present a project on the digital economy in view of the importance of technological developments and information and the consequent developments. changes that can not be overlooked, such as e-commerce and digital government.
Lebanon calls on the international community to exert all possible efforts and to provide the necessary conditions for the safe return of the displaced Syrians in their country, in particular towards stable, accessible or low-voltage areas, without being linked to a political solution. Provide incentives for return in order to contribute to the reconstruction and stability of their country.
We worked on a draft final statement issued by the Summit on the crisis of displaced persons and refugees in view of the repercussions of this serious crisis on the economies of our countries and, moreover, of the existential risks for the social fabric of the region.
In light of the great challenges and the great tasks that await us after the wars and crises in many Arab countries have intensified, I present my initiative to adopt the reconstruction strategy for development, invoking the establishment of effective mechanisms in line with these challenges and reconstruction needs, in particular the establishment of an Arab Bank for Reconstruction Development assists all Arab states and peoples affected in overcoming their situation and contributes to their sustained economic growth, well-being of their peoples and achieving the goals of sustainable development.
In this context, I call on all Arab funds and funding institutions to meet in Beirut over the next three months to discuss and develop these mechanisms.
The convening of this summit in Beirut in this delicate phase in the region is an affirmation of the role of Lebanon and its mission in its surroundings and in the world, and we hoped that this summit would be an opportunity to bring everyone together. the Arabs: there will be no vacancies. At this holiday, but the obstacles were, unfortunately, stronger. We also deplore the absence of brothers, kings and presidents and have no excuse for their absence,
Reunification remains an urgent need, as the challenges facing our region, our identity and our identity will be met only through our consensus on our central questions and our universal national rights: a translation of the will of our peoples for prosperity and stability.
In conclusion, I would like to welcome you again and wish you success in the work of our Summit