The government and the opposition of Venezuela will return on Wednesday to measure their forces in the streets, in an atmosphere heated by the small protests unleashed after the uprising of 27 soldiers who did not know President Nicolás Maduro.
About 30 places in Caracas and its surroundings have registered protests, riots, blocks of roads that burn waste, loot some businesses and cacerolazos, according to reports from neighbors and the Private Observatory of social conflicts.
"And it will fall, and it is about to fall!" The protesters shouted in the famous district of Catia in the east. Teams of workers cleaned up the rubble in the capital on Tuesday.
The situation erupted on Monday after the middle of the intense calls of opposition to the Armed Forces to break with Maduro, 27 soldiers stole weapons from a barracks and barricaded themselves in a detachment in Cotiza (north of Caracas), where they were held.
Increasing the tension, the opponents are preparing to demonstrate Wednesday against what they consider a "usurper" president and they are demanding a transitional government and elections.
"The only transition in Venezuela is towards socialism", said Chavismo number two, Diosdado Cabello, inviting government supporters to march en masse in different parts of the country.
It will be the first major impulse in the streets after the violent protests that left about 125 dead between April and July 2017, in the middle of the worst crisis in the modern history of the oil country, with food and medicine shortages and hyperinflation that the IMF projects 10,000,000 % by 2019
Call the armed forces
In this context, Parliament, with a majority of opposition, will discuss Tuesday the legal framework of its proposal to establish a transitional government, which includes the offer of amnesties to soldiers who do not know Maduro.
The session calls into question a ruling issued Monday by the Supreme Court of Justice (TSJ), which declared null and void the parliamentary board of directors chaired by Juan Guaidó and reiterated the 2016 ruling that declared the parliament despised and annulled all its decisions .
Under Guaidó's leadership, the Congress, which has a majority of opposition, declared Maduro a "usurper", after assuming a second term on January 10, considered illegitimate by several governments and promising amnesty to the military, considering the support of the president. .
"We are not asking you to make a coup, to shoot him, on the contrary, we are asking you to defend with us the right of the people (…) to be free", said Guaidó in a message to the military, widespread Monday evening.
The legislative leader, who said he is willing to chair the transitional government, ensures that the message of Parliament is perceptible and that the fleeting military revolt shows discontent in the Armed Forces.
Because of the increasing tensions, the European Union is aiming to launch the international contact group in February to find a solution negotiated to the crisis, announced the head of European diplomacy, Federica Mogherini.
Administration, the door
For the military expert Sebastiana Barráez, the amnesty – which would also favor public servants – "puts the established power on alert, opening a door to those soldiers who (…) are tired of what happens to the Inside the FANB "he said.
Maduro denounces that a "coup" of the "right" is underway, behind which he states that Washington and several Latin American governments are vying for the fact that his re-election in May 2018 was the result of illegitimate elections.
When he took office for his controversial second commission, Maduro received the promise of "absolute loyalty" from the armed forces, consisting of about 365,000 soldiers and 1.6 million civilian militiamen.
The FANB, which is said to be chavista and anti-imperialist, ensures that it is united. But according to the NGO Control Ciudadano, about 201 soldiers were arrested in 2018 accused of conspiracy, about 10,000 soldiers have requested leave from 2015 and more than 4,000 defected by the National Guard in 2018.
Two generals are among those arrested for an alleged attack against Maduro on August 4, when two drones loaded with explosives exploded near a stage where he directed a military act.