Home / Science / Now the economic summit of Lebanon decides to finance projects in Palestine and achieve Arab food security

Now the economic summit of Lebanon decides to finance projects in Palestine and achieve Arab food security

The Final Declaration decides to remove the obstacles to "free trade". Completion of "customs union". Adoption of the sustainable energy strategy 2030 .. Implementation of the common market for electricity. A unified vision of the digital economy. The elimination of multidimensional poverty

The fourth summit on economic and social development held in the Lebanese capital Beirut today affirmed the collective Arab and Islamic responsibility towards Jerusalem and invited all Arab and Islamic countries and organizations, Arab funds, civil society organizations and private sector to provide the necessary financing for the implementation of the projects mentioned in the plan. Sectoral development strategy in East Jerusalem in coordination with the State of Palestine.

In conclusion, the summit decided to ask the Member States to increase the resources of the Al Aqsa and Jerusalem funds of 500 million dollars and to quickly invite those countries that have not fulfilled their commitments to this effect and have decided to invite the advice from specialized Arab ministers, the Arab Parliament and the Arab parliaments Develop the means to mobilize popular support for the implementation of the Strategic Plan for Sectoral Development in Jerusalem 2018-2022 in coordination with the State of Palestine. It was also decided to adopt the mechanism of voluntary Arab and Islamic intervention to implement the strategic plan for sector development The resolution included a strong condemnation of Israeli plans and policies aimed at weakening the Palestinian economy and depriving the Palestinian people of their inalienable right to development, including colonial expansionary expansion policies, in all its manifestations on the entire Palestinian land. Occupied since 1967, including East Jerusalem, which aims to undermine its geographical contiguity and prevent it from exploiting its natural resources, which slows rates of economic growth and exacerbates its economic and social crisis. The Israeli occupation is one of the legitimate and valid means to resist and do away with it, and calls on all states, institutions, companies and individuals to commit themselves to stop all forms of dealing with the Israeli occupation regime and its colonies in violation of international law and to invite the High Commissioner for Human Rights to publish a database of Israeli settlement companies, To the relevant resolutions of the Human Rights Council, Brazil has also been invited to refrain from taking positions that undermine the legal status of the city of Al-Quds Al-Sharif, in order to preserve the bonds of friendship and relations with the Arab countries, The determination of Member States to face any decision that compromises the legal status of Al-Quds Al- Sharif and to take appropriate political and economic measures against these illegal steps.

Food safety

On the initiative of Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir on Arab food security, the summit decided to take note of developments concerning the implementation of the Al-Bashir initiative for Arab agricultural investments in Sudan and to highlight the It is important to implement all the projects mentioned in the initiative and to invite the Arab private sector to invest in projects provided by the initiative to achieve security. And hold forums to identify the opportunities and areas available for Arab agricultural investment in Sudan in coordination with the Union of Arab Chambers and accommodate the provisions adopted by the Government of the Republic of Sudan to implement the initiative. For the first meeting of the members of the implementation mechanism of the initiative, which includes the Government of Sudan and the Secretariat of the League of Arab States and Arab Funds and the Arab Organization for Agricultural Development and the Private Sector the relevant organizations and federations, during the first quarter of this year and developing a vision to accelerate and follow-up the implementation of the initiative. I also decided to welcome the continuation of the implementation of the framework plan for the Arab food security emergency program 2017-2021 and to entrust the General Secretariat of the League and the Arab Organization for Agricultural Development to complete their requirements and call on Arab funds to help provide the necessary funding to achieve technical assistance projects to Member States in the program, as well as Elo call funds and Arab funding institutions to secure the necessary funding for project studies integration and commercial exchange of plant, animal and vegetable products in the Arab region, presented by the Arab Organization for Agricultural Development, in accordance with the regulations of these funds and institutions.

Free trade area

The summit decided to take note of the executive measures for the legislative development of the Great Arab Free Trade Area preparing supplements to supplement the region's executive program to comply with the WTO agreements and similar Free Zones and to ask the General Secretariat of the League to proceed towards the completion of all the requirements of the region. Eliminate all obstacles that hinder the flow of trade between Arab countries and welcome the conclusions reached on the development of transparency mechanisms and the commitment of Arab states in the resolutions of the Economic and Social Council concerning the Arab free trade zone And ask the Arab states to abide by its provisions and to entrust the Economic and Social Council with the task of completing the remaining rules of origin that are not agreed.

On the liberalization of trade in services, the summit decided to welcome the ratification by Jordan and Saudi Arabia of the Arab Convention for the liberalization of trade in services between the Arab countries, the signing of the Convention by the Egypt and urged the Arab countries that have submitted their commitments under the E Convention to invite states that are not part of the Convention to present their membership programs.

Regarding customs cooperation, it was decided to accept the signature by Jordan and Saudi Arabia of the Customs Cooperation Agreement between the Arab States and the request of the other Arab countries to sign quickly in the implementation of the resolutions of the Economic and Social Council in this regard.

Regarding the Arab Customs Union, it was decided to take note of the measures adopted for the creation of the Union and to invite the Arab States to accelerate the completion of the requirements necessary for its establishment, in particular the process of harmonization of the unified Arab tariff categories, as one of the fundamental requirements for the establishment of the Union; The General Secretariat accelerates the completion of studies on the requirements for establishing the Union and presents its results to the Member States.

Energy strategy

The Summit also decided to approve the draft Arab Charter for the development of the SME sector in the attached format, it also decided to adopt the Arab strategy for sustainable energy 2030 and to invite the Arab States to lead it, and also decided to congratulate the Council's efforts The Arab Electric Company for the establishment of the Arab Common Market for Electricity and welcomed the signing of the memorandum of understanding by the Arab Member States and invited them to try to implement the provisions of the memorandum of understanding. Al-Jazairi said that the process of studying and discussing the market agreement is premature at the moment and has suggested to postpone it until the general agreement is discussed and approved by member states before discussing special documents issued by "governance documents".

The summit also agreed on the initiative to integrate tourism and cultural and cultural heritage among the Arab countries. The Council of Ministers of Arab Tourism was appointed in coordination with the Arab Ministers of Culture to elaborate an executive plan for the Initiative and find sources to provide the necessary funding.

The summit also invited the Council of Arab Ministers responsible for the environment to develop a framework strategy for solid waste management in Arab countries and also called on Arab countries to remove obstacles to Arab economic integration projects and to invite the Arab countries to present Arab projects of integration to their Arab priorities. Finance-.

Syrian refugees

The summit invited the international community to support the Arab countries hosting refugees and to establish their own development projects to help reduce the economic and social impact of the Arab countries. And entrusting the General Secretariat with following up the requests presented to international donors, specialized organizations and Arab funds to guarantee funding for the financing of projects. It will be presented by the other Arab countries hosting Syrian refugees through the Arab League, and coordination and communication with the focal points in the host Arab countries and in the League. The Summit decided to entrust the General Secretariat of the League with the convening of a meeting of international donors and specialized international organizations and Arab funds through the participation of host Arab countries to Syrian refugees for agree on a clear and specific mechanism for project financing. It also decided to entrust the Secretariat with research and work to attract Arab and international investment in the countries of the Add to Syrian refugees according to their needs, which are these countries to provide the Secretariat with investment maps to achieve this within two months .. and from here the summit decided to invite the international community and the competent international bodies to promote the return of Syrian refugees to areas where fighting has stopped.

The summit affirmed the right to return and redress Palestinian refugees and their descendants in accordance with resolutions of international legitimacy and the affirmation of the mandate given to UNRWA by the resolution of its establishment issued by the & # 39; General Assembly of the United Nations and not to prejudice its mandates or responsibilities and to change or transfer its responsibilities to the other party and to ensure that UNRWA and its legal authority remain the UN, in addition to underlining the need for the Agency to continue to assume its responsibilities in providing services to Palestinian refugees in and outside the camps in all areas of its operations, including occupied Jerusalem. The resolution affirmed the refusal of any attempt or decision to end or diminish the role and mandate of UNRWA from any country and invite the international community to commit to delegating the Agency and securing the resources and financial contributions needed for your budgets and activities. The Summit underlined the importance of continuing to provide the necessary support to the development, moral and financial for the regular programs and activities of the UNRWA and asked to find appropriate means to expand the leaders of the donor countries and increase the funds allocated to them according to their needs. Hand of their annual contributions.

The digital economy

The summit agreed in principle to study the development of a common Arab vision in the digital economy and to entrust the ministerial councils specialized in cooperation with the Arab Organization for ICT and the competences available in the countries Arabs in the form of this vision. The summit called on Member States, Arab financial institutions and funds, to provide technical and material support to Yemen as part of an integrated program to contribute to reconstruction and recovery, and to ensure the return of economic and social development and called for support in Yemen in the areas of the contribution of refugees and complete health coverage, programs to support women, the rehabilitation of children and young people who have been recruited in the war, the operation of productive families and the provision of humanitarian assistance and aid to those entitled to it.

The summit emphasized the importance of implementing the decisions of previous Arab summits on the provision of urgent financial support worth $ 10 million a month for a year through the Somalia support account opened at this time in the Arab League to strengthen the budget of the Somali government to be able to establish and manage institutions and implement security and stability programs and combat corruption and the provision of important and necessary services. The summit called on member states to exempt Somalia's debts in support of their economy and allow them to benefit from the initiative of highly indebted poor countries, and thank Algeria and Saudi Arabia for Somalia exemption of expected debts.

Eradication of poverty

The summit adopted the Arab Strategic Framework for the Elimination of Multidimensional Poverty 2020/2030 as a framework that strengthens Arab efforts to achieve sustainable development in the Arab region. The Summit also adopted the document of the plan of family action in the Arab region as part of the implementation of the 2030 sustainable development goals as a family development agenda in the Arab region And invited the Arab countries to coordinate with the public to work on the implementation of this platform . The summit also agreed to take the initiative of the Arab League entitled "pink wallet" as a regional initiative for women's health in the Arab region and the mandate of the Secretariat in coordination with the member states The Arab strategy for the protection of children in an asylum / displacement situation, it was adopted in the Arab countries as a document to guarantee the protection of minors in the asylum situation in the Arab countries and the application of their rights. The Summit adopted the recommendations The study emphasized the importance of improving technical and vocational education in the Arab world and the summit instructed the secretariat to hold a meeting of experts in technical and technical education. In coordination with the Arab Organization for Education, Culture and Science and the participation of the interested bodies to develop a framework for a comprehensive technical and vocational education plan in line with the needs of the labor market. The Summit has agreed on the integration program for women and girls in the development process in local communities. With the General Secretariat implementing this program.

The summit welcomed the invitation of Mauritania to host the next summit planned for 2023 and entrusted the General Secretariat of the League in coordination with the countries hosting the summit to prepare and prepare for its work.

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