The judges have become the wall of contention of the president of the United States and their attempts so that women do not have access to health coverage to prevent and avoid pregnancies.
In the 2018 ProVida March in Washington, more than half a million people showed up. / AP
In the United States, the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) brought birth control to poor working class women. Most insurers must cover the total cost of contraceptive methods, which also applies to those who have private coverage through their employers. A measure to which Donald Trump declared war since he arrived at the White House. The real estate magnate won the presidency of the United States thanks to the evangelical vote: over 80% of the whites of that group voted for him. And that's why Trump is in debt.
"The most active president in US history," as Mike Pence, his vice president, calls it, has defined a social agenda on issues of women, reproductive rights, homosexuals and a very restrictive abortion. Trump – which does not fit the profile of a good Christian, since he has three divorces and many sexual scandals – has obstructed access to abortion in several states by enacting restrictions based on religious rights.
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That's why Trump changed two Supreme Court judges with two critically accused abortion candidates. Alleged religion, Trump has banned access to abortion in several states, banned the use of public funds to fund organizations that practice termination of pregnancy and the Department of Health has proposed a policy that involves cutting federal funds to any clinic that practice or share facilities with entities that do so.
Last year, Trump began to attack a point in the patient protection law and the Affordable Care (Obamacare), proclaimed in 2010, which ensures coverage of contraception for thousands of women. Second The New York Times, over 55 million women have benefited from Obamacare and have received free contraceptives, in addition to the number of unplanned pregnancies have been drastically reduced.
Data that does not take care of the current US administration, which has enacted legislation that allows employers and insurers to refuse to provide free coverage of birth control methods if it violates their "religious beliefs" or "moral convictions". That new rule, issued last year by the Department of Health and Human Services, seeks to limit the coverage of births in health plans offered to workers.
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According to senior officials of the Department of Health and Human Services, Trump's rule would leave only 120,000 women without free access to contraceptives. The Civil Liberties Union in America (ACLU) and the National Center for Women's Laws work to file a lawsuit against Trump to discriminate against women and violate the provisions of the Constitution that guarantee equal rights and separation between the Church and state. "This is an affront to women's rights and we will see the government in court," warned Brigitte Amiri, an ACLU lawyer for the US press.
But several judges in the country have built a wall. A firmer one than what the president intends to raise at the Mexican border. The rule, which was ready to enter into force on Monday 14 January, suffered several blocks. US District Judge Haywood Gilliam, in Oakland, Calif., Issued a preliminary injunction on Sunday against the rules for the new exemption in California, in 12 other states and in Washington DC.
But Gilliam could not block the rule across the country, leaving millions of women without protection. "The law could not be clearer: employers have no interest in interfering with women's health decisions," California attorney general Xavier Becerra said in a statement. He added: "The ruling stops another attempt by the Trump administration to trample on women's access to basic reproductive care."
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The United States Department of Justice UU. He emphasized in the documents that the rules "protect a small class of sincere religious and moral objectors from being forced to facilitate practices in conflict with their beliefs".
Opinion that does not even share a Philadelphia judge. Wendey Beetlestone established this week that the new rules would make it difficult for many women to get contraceptives at no cost and that it would be an excessive burden for the different states of the country. "No American should be forced to violate his conscience to comply with the laws of our health care system," said Caitlin Oakley, spokesman for the US Department of Health and Human Services.
The battle continues, because these decisions can be challenged by President Trump, although the judges argue that the exemption of the "moral convictions" created by the Trump government does not imply the protection of the Constitution for religious freedom and is "inconsistent with the language and purpose of Obamacare. "
In the middle of this debate, this Friday, January 18, will be held the march of Provida in Washington, which was made over the last 45 years. Despite the partial closure of the government, its organizers have said that the event will not stop. The event, one of the largest annual political gatherings in the United States UU., Convened in several cities in the country to celebrate Mass and other religious events, also to reject the Supreme Court's decision on the Roe case v. Wade.
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It was feared that Trump would backtrack on that historic 1973 ruling that legalized abortion in the United States. But experts believe it is very difficult to reverse it. "Contraception is a medical necessity for women for about thirty years of their life.It improves the health of women, children and their families, as well as their wider environment, reducing maternal mortality and improving their economic stability, "said Haywood L. Brown, president of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG).
Friday's march will support these attempts by Trump to end the insurers' obligation to take over contraception. In 2014 the Supreme Court ruled in favor of two companies that refused to comply with this provision of Obamacare, referring to religious convictions.