We mentioned in the previous article that several countries in the Arab world, including Egypt, are exposed to unprecedented challenges and dangers. We stressed the importance of cohesion of the internal fronts, the need for Arab countries to agree unified positions to preserve Arab national security, as well as the need to communicate with active international forces, personalities and groups influencing global public opinion. and they sympathize with Arab issues.
In this article we define the regional forces surrounding the Arab world, which are seeking to gain regional influence, occupy Arab lands, obtain material gains or interfere in the name of religion, race or historical conflict in the internal affairs of Arab countries.
Turkey is trying to restore the glories of the past and restore the Ottoman Empire, which lasted from the mid-16th century to the early 20th century. If the facts of history indicate that Egypt, since the Islamic conquest, was the leader in the Arab and Islamic region, defeating the Crusades and the Tatar invasion, and in the presence of the Ottoman Empire (the state of the Caliphate), then the facts of history that we know indicate that Egypt had a special status, even within the Ottoman states and that Muhammad Ali Pasha and his son Ibrahim had resigned to rule Egypt and that the Egyptian army under the leadership Ibrahim had expanded geographically and the Egyptian forces had reached the borders of Istanbul.
Turkey recently tried to enter the European Union for several decades, but failed, then found its purpose in direct intervention in Arab countries, then intervened militarily in northern Syria and Iraq, and sent forces military in Qatar (at his invitation), and tries to harass Egypt by being in Libya and at sea. The Mediterranean and the Horn of Africa.
We must understand that Turkey’s moves are driven by the personal desire and political ambitions of the Turkish president to restore the glories of the past and to obtain material and political advantages that make Turkey the regional power that controls the region.
Iran is also trying to restore its past glories and expand at the expense of Arab countries. Iran is the geographical and historical continuation of the Persian Empire, founded in 559 BC, which together with the Roman Empire represented the largest country that dominated the region before the Islamic era. Since the Islamic revolution in Iran in 1979, he has tried to export the revolution to neighboring countries. Currently, Iran has a direct presence in Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Yemen. It is trying to coordinate with Turkey to share political influence and control of wealth, in a way that has angered Arab countries, especially the Arab Gulf states.
Today Ethiopia is trying to be the greatest political and economic power on the African continent. Some may think that the Ethiopian intransigence in the agreement with Egypt and Sudan regarding the Renaissance dam is only for the purpose of generating electricity and development, but the reality is that Ethiopia’s plans for the future are very larger than the Renaissance dam.
Historically, Egypt, Nigeria and South Africa were the main countries or spokesmen for the African continent, and one of these three countries could represent the continent when considering the increase in permanent members of the Security Council. However, Ethiopia took advantage of the presence of the African Union headquarters in Addis Ababa, and presented itself as a key player in solving the problems of the African continent. Ethiopia has taken advantage of the decline of the Egyptian role following the attempted attack on the late President Mubarak, and has established close relations with most of the countries in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly Nigeria and South Africa.
Israel is the other that is trying to seize the emptiness and devastation caused by the Arab Spring revolutions, as well as the global economic crisis resulting from the Corona pandemic and the world’s concern for its internal problems, to annex the rest of the West Bank. to Israel. And if Israel and its allies have not been able to commercialize the peace plan known as the deal of the century in Arab countries, it does not stop to find alternatives that meet its ambitions of being the most influential power politically, economically and militarily. in the Middle East.
At the end of this presentation, it becomes clear that there are non-Arab regional powers trying to take advantage of international circumstances and the Arab division to lead the region politically and economically, so what are we doing?