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Can we effectively tackle corruption in the Arab world to promote development?

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In a report published by Transparency International in February-February 2018 on global corruption, it emerged that more than two thirds of the world's countries still suffer from corruption, especially in terms of public sector performance related to the development process.

It is true that the Arab countries in which the process of dealing with this phenomenon has been reduced and at the same time the corruption spreads are countries that have lived through wars and instability for many years. Like Somalia, Syria and Yemen. It is also true that the status of the Arab region collectively according to the Transparency International report is somewhat better than other regions of the world. These include sub-Saharan Africa, Eastern Europe and Central Asia. However, the reports of this independent international organization have all been clear since 1995 that corruption is still prevalent in all Arab countries, despite the uneven efforts to address it from one country to another.

Funds of corruption and development

Two important conclusions must be made here in the report of the Arab Forum for the Environment and Development, which was presented in November-November 2018 on the financing of sustainable development in the Arab world.

One conclusion is that many Arab countries continue to finance projects that damage sustainable development. In this context, the process of continuing investment in non-oil and non-oil Arab countries is included in polluted energy sources, and investments in new and renewable energy sources in these countries are much better in the pockets of consumers, treasure and dell & # 39; environment.

The other conclusion is that the cost of corruption amounts to 3% of Arab GDP and that corruption funds in the Arab world are estimated at around $ 90 billion annually. The use of these funds in scientific development can contribute significantly to closing the $ 1 billion financial deficit every year until 2030 to make the development process in the Arab region a success.

The citizen is a partner in dealing with corruption

Lebanese Association for the promotion of transparency "No Corruption" of Arab non-governmental organizations that deal with the identification of corruption, especially those that hinder development and face it. His efforts began to bear fruit by investing in the same Arab citizen, who often has to resort to corruption to pursue his affairs. How can this behavior be eliminated? We asked Ayman Dandash, director of projects and programs in the field in these countries, and he said that the ways in which corruption has been fueled have developed a lot in the last decades with the aim of trying to ignite the parts that try to tackle this phenomenon and feed it. Civil society organizations involved in the process of fighting corruption are now able to help the citizen know if the cost of what he needs to spend his daily business is a normal cost or that this part or this has to do with deal with the corruption system.

Ayman Dandash has assured "Monte Carlo International" that the Lebanese Association for Transparency, which is the Lebanese branch of Transparency International, is actively contributing through the training courses it organizes for the benefit of citizens, making them active players in the fight against corruption . For example, Dandash cites the important role of the association to ensure that the Lebanese authorities act against the diversion of the Litani river to a landfill of waste and sewage.

The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) is starting the principle that every effort to tackle corruption effectively serves the development system. It has developed a mechanism to address the problem and, in particular, in its cooperation with developing countries, to try to deal with this phenomenon effectively. Today he has worked with official authorities and civil society organizations in the Arab region to effectively combat corruption.

This is the case in Tunisia, for example, in the health sector through a program to rationalize the use of medicines in hospital pharmacies and to allow citizens to benefit from health services away from corruption. The program is under construction in the north-western city of Jendouba, in the southern island of Djerba and in Tunis.

What was reported to the chief technical adviser of Monte Carlo International to combat corruption and integrity at the Regional Center for the United Nations Development Program in the Arab countries Argan al-Sablani, which stressed the need to avoid Indulgence in launching allegations of corruption on one side or another without the argument is as convincing as it should The fight against corruption is an integrated and efficient mechanism.

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