The Swedish Parliament granted another mandate as Prime Minister to Social Democrat Stefan Löfven after four months of deadlock following the September elections.
Sweden was already preparing for early elections. But last week Löfven of the center-left Social Democratic Party managed to reach a historic agreement with the center-right liberal party, the Greens (center-left) and the central party (center-right), to form a parliamentary majority and then drive the government.
The September elections generated a stalemate with a draw between left and right. The far right, represented by the Swedish Democrats (party with neo-Nazi roots), won 18% of the votes and guaranteed 62 deputies.
That is, in this complex puzzle politician who left the vote, the right-wing deputies could be decisive for the formation of the majority. But both the left and the right have refused to come to any agreement with the party led by Jimmie Åkesson, which has generated months of failed negotiations and attempts to form a government.
"Governments are becoming increasingly dependent on parties with a non-democratic agenda," Löfven told parliament after winning Friday's vote. "But in Sweden we support democracy and equality, Sweden has chosen a different path," he said.
The next government will then be formed by the Social Democrats and the Greens, as it has been up to now, and has parliamentary support for the right of the center and the liberals. The abstention of the Left Party (made up of ex-communists) was also decisive, as they even threatened to vote against the investiture of Löfven because they had not been taken into account during the negotiations.
In this way, 115 deputies voted in favor of Löfven, 153 against, 77 abstentions and four others did not vote – according to the Swedish political system, a prime minister is elected on condition that the majority in Parliament does not vote against him.
But there are challenges awaiting the new government. This is a political solution never attempted, where the left and the right unite, while maintaining their very distinct ideological principles.
In addition, the Swedish Democrats count on 62 of the 349 deputies, who have a significant parliamentary presence, which could make life difficult for the new executive.
To obtain the support of the moderate right, Löfven undertook to lighten the tax burden by asking both the Center and the liberals.
In addition, the prime minister also relies on the opposition of the left, whose leader, Jonas Sjöstedt, has already warned that it will not have any problem to make a motion of censorship if the sovereign were to overcome the "red lines" of housing policy. and job security.